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Underspecification in intonation revisited: a reply to Xu, Lee, Prom-on and Liu*

  • Amalia Arvaniti (a1) and D. Robert Ladd (a2)


We are naturally pleased that Xu et al. (2015) have taken the trouble to address our critique of the PENTA model, and it is useful to have a concise restatement of PENTA's aims and assumptions. However, we believe that their reply does not address the key point of our earlier paper (Arvaniti & Ladd 2009), which was that syllable-by-syllable specification of F0 does not makes theoretical sense in a language where F0 functions at the phrase or utterance level, and does not permit adequate quantitative modelling of complex intonation contours in short utterances.


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Underspecification in intonation revisited: a reply to Xu, Lee, Prom-on and Liu*

  • Amalia Arvaniti (a1) and D. Robert Ladd (a2)


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