Two clones of East African Trypanosoma brucei, with distinct homozygous isoenzyme patterns for one of three enzymes examined, were cotransmitted through the tsetse fly vector Glossina morsitans centralis. Flies with mature infections were individually fed on mice and the subsequent bloodstream form populations analysed for the presence of hybrid trypanosomes by isoenzyme analysis. Several combinations have previously been detected using this approach (Schweizer, Tait & Jenni, 1988; Sternberg et al. 1989). Four clones were isolated from one of the hybrid-containing populations. They showed a hybrid phenotype, as would be expected for the F1 progeny in a diploid Mendelian system. The analysis of the progeny clones, using two gene probes which detect restriction fragment length polymorphisms between the two parental stocks, showed that alleles had segregated at each locus and given rise to three different non-parental combinations of alleles in the hybrid progeny. Characterization of the hybrid progeny clones by PFGE (pulsed field gradient gel electrophoresis) revealed that all progeny clones were recombinant for the intermediate size chromosomes. From the analysis of the segregation of the larger chromosomes, marked by P0K (phosphoglycerate kinase) and CP (cysteine protease) gene probes, it was inferred that the progeny clones did not result from a direct fusion of diploid cells. Results with the PGK probe fit into a classical system with meiosis and subsequent fusion of the nuclei to form diploid progeny. On the other hand, blots with the CP probe as well as some of the ethidium bromide stained PFGE gels revealed the existence of non-parental size chromosomes in some of the hybrid progeny. This phenomenon was observed previously (Gibson, 1989) and further investigation is required to elucidate the mechanism.