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The effect of inulin and sugar beet fibre on Oesophagostomum dentatum infection in pigs

  • S. PETKEVIČIUS (a1) (a2), K. E. BACH KNUDSEN (a3), K. D. MURRELL (a1) and H. WACHMANN (a4)

Abstract

The present study was designed to assess the role of inulin and sugar beet fibres (SBF) on adult O. dentatum in growing pigs. Four experimental diets were formulated based on barley flour with added insoluble fibre from oat husk (Diet 1), a pure carbohydrate source inulin (Diet 2), soluble fibre from sugar beet fibre (SBF) with a high proportion of soluble fibre components (Diet 3) or inulin plus SBF (Diet 4). Thirty-two 10-week-old pigs were divided randomly into 4 groups each of 8 pigs. After 3 weeks adaptation on Diet 1 all pigs were infected with a single dose of 6000 L3O. dentatum. At week 7 p.i. one group was switched to Diet 2, another group to Diet 3 and another group to Diet 4. The remaining 8 pigs continued on Diet 1 until the end of the experiment and served as controls. At week 13, all pigs were necropsied and their worm burdens determined. The worm recoveries from the pigs on the inulin supplemented diet (Diet 2) were reduced by 97% compared to the controls (Diet 1). Further, the inulin-fed pigs exhibited markedly reduced faecal egg counts. The pigs on inulin plus SBF diet (Diet 4) and on SBF diet (Diet 3) had 86% and 70% adult worm reductions compared with the controls, respectively. The results from this study indicate that highly degradable and rapidly fermentable carbohydrates such as dietary inulin have a profound deworming effect on O. dentatum infection.

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Corresponding author

Danish Centre for Experimental Parasitology, Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, Dyrlægevej 100, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Copenhagen, Denmark. Tel: +45 35 28 27 79. Fax: +45 35 28 27 74. E-mail: spe@kvl.dk

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Keywords

The effect of inulin and sugar beet fibre on Oesophagostomum dentatum infection in pigs

  • S. PETKEVIČIUS (a1) (a2), K. E. BACH KNUDSEN (a3), K. D. MURRELL (a1) and H. WACHMANN (a4)

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