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Boophilus microplus: the effect of histamine on the attachment of cattle-tick larvae–studies in vivo and in vitro

  • D. H. Kemp (a1) and A. Bourne (a1)

Summary

Circumstantial evidence suggests that the earlier detachment of Boophilus microplus larvae from highly resistant cattle follows the release of histamine at the attachment site. In vivo and in vitro experiments show that a proportion of the larvae will detach following injection or infusion of histamine. Other mediators such as bradykinin, prostaglandin E2, 5-hydroxytryptamine and dopamine have little or no effect on tick behaviour in vivo. Sensitivity to histamine declines as larval attachments stabilize, and repeated injections have no effect on the weight of larvae after 3 days on the host. Response to histamine is discussed in relation to host resistance, histology of the feeding lesion and larval behaviour.

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Boophilus microplus: the effect of histamine on the attachment of cattle-tick larvae–studies in vivo and in vitro

  • D. H. Kemp (a1) and A. Bourne (a1)

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