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Leishmania infection in bats from a non-endemic region of Leishmaniasis in Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  23 August 2017

CÉSAR GÓMEZ-HERNÁNDEZ
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
ELAINE C. BENTO
Affiliation:
Centro de Educação Profissional – CEFORES, Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
KARINE REZENDE-OLIVEIRA
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Campus do Pontal, Ituiutaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
GABRIEL A. N. NASCENTES
Affiliation:
Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
CECILIA G. BARBOSA
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
LARA R. BATISTA
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
MONIQUE G. S. TIBURCIO
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
ANDRÉ L. PEDROSA
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
ELIANE LAGES-SILVA
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
JUAN D. RAMÍREZ
Affiliation:
Grupo de Investigaciones Microbiológicas – UR (GIMUR), Programa de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Matemáticas, Universidad del Rosario, Bogotá, Colombia
LUIS E. RAMIREZ
Affiliation:
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Uberaba, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Summary

Leishmaniasis is a complex of zoonotic diseases caused by parasites of the genus Leishmania, which can develop in domestic as well as wild animals and humans throughout the world. Currently, this disease is spreading in rural and urban areas of non-endemic regions in Brazil. Recently, bats have gained epidemiological significance in leishmaniasis due to its close relationship with human settlements. In this study, we investigated the presence of Leishmania spp. DNA in blood samples from 448 bats belonging to four families representing 20 species that were captured in the Triangulo Mineiro and Alto Paranaiba areas of Minas Gerais State (non-endemic areas for leishmaniasis), Brazil. Leishmania spp. DNA was detected in 8·0% of the blood samples, 41·6% of which were Leishmania infantum, 38·9% Leishmania amazonensis and 19·4% Leishmania braziliensis. No positive correlation was found between Leishmania spp. and bat food source. The species with more infection rates were the insectivorous bats Eumops perotis; 22·2% (4/18) of which tested positive for Leishmania DNA. The presence of Leishmania in the bat blood samples, as observed in this study, represents epidemiological importance due to the absence of Leishmaniasis cases in the region.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Cambridge University Press 2017 

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Footnotes

These authors contributed equally to this work.

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