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Analysis of bovine cysticercosis in the state of Goiás, Brazil and economical losses for beef farms

  • FERNANDA MARTINS DE AQUINO (a1), VANDO EDÉSIO SOARES (a2), GABRIEL AUGUSTO MARQUES ROSSI (a3), LUIZ ANTÔNIO CARDOSO DANIN (a4), JOÃO EDUARDO NICARETTA (a1), THIAGO DE SOUZA AZEREDO BASTOS (a1), LEONARDO BUENO CRUVINEL (a1), GUSTAVO FELIPPELLI (a3), BRENO CAYEIRO CRUZ (a3), WILLIAN GIQUELIM MACIEL (a3), LUCAS VINICIUS COSTA GOMES (a3) and WELBER DANIEL ZANETTI LOPES (a5)...

Summary

This study aimed to assess the prevalence and spatial distribution of bovine cysticercosis in the state of Goiás, Brazil; to verify its association with epidemiological variables, and to establish the economical losses for beef farms. A set of 23 255 979 bovines from 246 municipalities were slaughtered from 2007 through 2014. The prevalence of bovine cysticercosis was 0·53% [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 0·5295–0·5354]. The Central mesoregion showed a higher risk [odds ratio (OR) = 4·44; 95% CI 4·2936–4·5895] for detecting infected animals with cysticerci compared with those raised at North and Northeast mesoregion (OR = 1·02 and OR = 1·02). The microregion of Goiânia had a higher risk for bovine cysticercosis occurrence (OR = 11·05, 95% CI 10·6933–11·4099) compared with the microregion of São Miguel do Araguaia (OR = 1). None of the epidemiological variables evaluated in this study was significantly associated (P > 0·05) with bovine cysticercosis prevalence.

In conclusion, the prevalence of bovine cysticercosis in the state of Goiás, Brazil, was 0·53% and some mesoregions and microregions presented a higher risk for its occurrence. The economical losses due to its occurrence during the period ranged from US$9 260 728·57 to 11 313 816·67. These results highlighted the needs of adopting prophylactic measures and the development of political strategies in specific regions in order to control this zoonose and reduce the economical losses for beef production chain and the costs for public health.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the same Creative Commons licence is included and the original work is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Goiás (IPTSP/UFG), CEP 74605-050, Goiânia, GO, Brasil. E-mail: wdzlopes@hotmail.com

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Keywords

Analysis of bovine cysticercosis in the state of Goiás, Brazil and economical losses for beef farms

  • FERNANDA MARTINS DE AQUINO (a1), VANDO EDÉSIO SOARES (a2), GABRIEL AUGUSTO MARQUES ROSSI (a3), LUIZ ANTÔNIO CARDOSO DANIN (a4), JOÃO EDUARDO NICARETTA (a1), THIAGO DE SOUZA AZEREDO BASTOS (a1), LEONARDO BUENO CRUVINEL (a1), GUSTAVO FELIPPELLI (a3), BRENO CAYEIRO CRUZ (a3), WILLIAN GIQUELIM MACIEL (a3), LUCAS VINICIUS COSTA GOMES (a3) and WELBER DANIEL ZANETTI LOPES (a5)...

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