Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Prevalence of depression among relatives of cancer patients in Jordan: A cross-sectional survey

  • Nizar M. Mhaidat (a1), Suleiman A. Ai-Sweedan (a2), Karem H. Alzoubi (a1), Sayer I. Alazzam (a1), Mohammed N. Banihani (a2), Muneer O. Bani Yasin (a3) and Majed M Massadeh (a4)...

Abstract

Objective:

Depression is common among chronically ill patients and their relatives. In this article, we investigated the prevalence of depression among relatives of cancer patients in Jordan, and studied the relation between several socio-demographic, disease- and treatment-related factors, together with the occurrence of depression among those relatives.

Method:

A cross-sectional survey study was conducted at a major university hospital in Jordan. Relatives of cancer patients were interviewed for socio-demographic information, and medical records were checked for information about disease and treatment of patient. Psychological status of the relative was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety & Depression Scale (HADS).

Results:

The prevalence of depression in our sample was 81.9%. Age and degree of relatedness were significantly correlated with the occurrence of depression among relatives of cancer patients. Significant correlations were also detected between depression among patient's relatives and the stage of the disease. Positive predictive factors for depression included relatives being middle aged, close relatedness, patients being in advanced disease stage, and on chemotherapy or undergoing surgery for cancer treatment.

Significance of results:

Depression is prevalent among relatives of cancer patients. Therefore, more attention is needed to detect changes in the psychological state of vulnerable relatives of cancer patients, in an effort to reduce the occurrence of depression.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Address correspondence and reprint requests to: Nizar M. Mhaidat, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, 22110, Jordan. E-mail: nizarm@just.eud.jo

References

Hide All
De Boer, M.F., Ryckman, R.M., Pruyn, J.F., et al. (1999) Psychosocial correlates of cancer relapse and survival: A literature review. Patient Education and Counseling, 37, 215230.
Edwards, B. & Clarke, V. (2004). The psychological impact of a cancer diagnosis on families: The influence of family functioning and patients' illness characteristics on depression and anxiety. Psychooncology, 13, 562576.
Fallowfield, L., Ratcliffe, D., Jenkins, V., et al. (2001). Psychiatric morbidity and its recognition by doctors in patients with cancer. British Journal of Cancer, 84, 10111015.
Jacobsen, P.B. & Jim, H.S. (2008). Psychosocial interventions for anxiety and depression in adult cancer patients: Achievements and challenges. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 58, 214230.
Massie, M.J., Gagnon, P. & Holland, J.C. (1994). Depression and suicide in patients with cancer. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 9, 325340.
McDaniel, J.S., Musselman, D.L., Porter, M.R., et al. (1995). Depression in patients with cancer. Diagnosis, biology, and treatment. Archives of General Psychiatry, 52, 8999.
Mhaidat, N.M., Alzoubi, K.H., Al-Sweedan, S., et al. (2009). Prevalence of depression among cancer patients in Jordan: A national survey. Supportive Care in Cancer, 17, 14031407.
Ozono, S., Saeki, T., Inoue, S., et al. (2005). Family functioning and psychological distress among Japanese breast cancer patients and families. Supportive Care in Cancer, 13, 10441050.
Papastavrou, E., Charalambous, A. & Tsangari, H. (2009). Exploring the other side of cancer care: The informal caregiver. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 13, 128136.
Passik, S.D., Dugan, W., McDonald, M.V., et al. (1998). Oncologists' recognition of depression in their patients with cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 16, 15941600.
Pirl, W.F. (2004). Evidence report on the occurrence, assessment, and treatment of depression in cancer patients. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs, 32, 3239.
Smith, M.L. & Newland, A.C. (1999). Treatment of myeloma. QJM, 92, 1114.
Tsigaroppoulos, T., Mazaris, E. & Chatzidarellis, E. (2009). Problems faced by relatives caring for cancer patients at home. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 15, 16.
Wong-Kim, E.C. & Bloom, J.R. (2005). Depression experienced by young women newly diagnosed with breast cancer. Psychooncology, 14, 564573.
Zigmond, A.S. & Snaith, R.P. (1983). The hospital anxiety and depression scale. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 67, 361370.

Keywords

Prevalence of depression among relatives of cancer patients in Jordan: A cross-sectional survey

  • Nizar M. Mhaidat (a1), Suleiman A. Ai-Sweedan (a2), Karem H. Alzoubi (a1), Sayer I. Alazzam (a1), Mohammed N. Banihani (a2), Muneer O. Bani Yasin (a3) and Majed M Massadeh (a4)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed