Aetna Health Inc. v. Davila (2004). 542 U.S. 200.
Ballantyne, J. & Mao, J. (2013). Opioid therapy for chronic pain. The New England Journal of Medicine, 350(8), 840–842.
Berger, A., Dukes, E.M. & Oster, G. (2004). Clinical characteristics and economic costs of patients with painful neuropathic disorders. The Journal of Pain, 5(3), 143–149.
Bruehl, S., Apkarian, A.V., Ballantyne, J.C., et al. (2013). Personalized medicine and opioid analgesic prescribing for chronic pain: Opportunities and challenges. The Journal of Pain, 14(2), 103–113.
Craig, B.M. & Strassels, S.A. (2010). Out-of-pocket prices of opioid analgesics in the United States, 1999–2004. Pain Medicine, 11(2), 240–247.
DeNavas-Walt, C, P.B.D. & Smith, J.C. (2012). Income, poverty, and health insurance in the United States: 2011. In United States Census Bureau, current population reports, pp. 60–243. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Ehret, G.B., Voide, C., Gex-Fabry, M., et al. (2006). Drug-induced long QT syndrome in injection drug users receiving methadone: High frequency in hospitalized patients and risk factors. Archives of Internal Medicine, 166(12), 1280–1287.
Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) (1994). 29 U.S.C. 18.
Gabel, J.R. (1999). Job-based health insurance, 1977–1998: The accidental system under scrutiny. Health Affairs (Millwood), 18(6), 62–74.
Greenwald, B.D. & Narcessian, E.J. (1999). Opioids for managing patients with chronic pain: Community pharmacists' perspectives and concerns. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 17(5), 369–375.
Hampton, T. (2004). Physicians advised on how to offer pain relief while preventing opioid abuse. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 292(10), 1164–1166.
Levy, M.H. & Samuel, T.A. (2005). Management of cancer pain. Seminars in Oncology, 32(2), 179–193.
Loder, E., Witkower, A., McAlary, P., et al. (2003). Rehabilitation hospital staff knowledge and attitudes regarding pain. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 82(1), 65–68.
Nersesyan, H. & Slavin, K.V. (2007). Current approach to cancer pain management: Availability and implications of different treatment options. Journal of Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 3(3), 381–400.
Nguyen, L.M., Rhondali, W., De la Cruz, M., et al. (2013). Frequency and predictors of patient deviation from prescribed opioids and barriers to opioid pain management in patients with advanced cancer. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 45(3), 506–516.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) (2005). OECD health data 2005: How does the United States compare? Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Pearson, E.C. & Woosley, R.L. (2005). QT prolongation and torsades de pointes among methadone users: Reports to the FDA spontaneous reporting system. Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 14(11), 747–753.
Peeno, L. (2004). The second coming of managed care. TRIAL, 40(5), 18–29.
Portenoy, R.K. & Lesage, P. (1999). Management of cancer pain. Lancet, 353(9165), 1695–1700.
Public Heath Service Act, 42 U.S.C. §2719, pp. 1–974. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Sarzi-Puttini, P., Vellucci, R., Zuccaro, S.M., et al. (2012). The appropriate treatment of chronic pain. Clinical Drug Investigation, 32(Suppl. 1), 21–33.
Schatman, M.E. (2011). The role of the health insurance industry in perpetuating suboptimal pain management. Pain Medicine, 12(3), 415–426.
Stewart, W.F., Ricci, J.A., Chee, E., et al. (2003). Lost productive time and cost due to common pain conditions in the U.S. workforce. The Journal of the American Medical Association, 290(18), 2443–2454.
Strouse, T.B. (2009). Pharmacokinetic drug interactions in palliative care: Focus on opioids. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 12(11), 1043–1050.
United States Census Bureau (USCB) (2008). Health insurance coverage status by selected characteristics: 2007 and 2008. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office.
Vallerand, A. & Nowak, L. (2010). Chronic opioid therapy for nonmalignant pain: The patient's perspective, Part II: Barriers to chronic opioid therapy. Pain Management Nursing, 11(2), 126–131.