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Although the Mongolian People's Republic, last refuge of the Przewalski wild horse, is one of the most thinly populated countries in the world, the wildlife decreased considerably in the 30's and 40's. There has been some improvement in recent years, and the Game Law now gives protection to nearly all mammals—the few exceptions include the wolf, understandably in a country with vast herds of domestic animals. Mr. Hibbert, who was British Chargé d'Affaires at Ulan Bator from 1964 to 1966, and has since spent a year at Leeds University working on Mongolian materials, assesses the status of the major species of mammals, birds and fish, and describes the game laws.
For years conservationists have urged that Cousin Island hi the Seychelles should be made a wildlife sanctuary, so it is welcome news that the International Council for Bird Preservation, aided by the British National Appeal of the World Wildlife Fund, has acquired an option to buy the island if it can raise the money hi tune. A research station will be set up, with a full-time warden to study the whole of this interesting archipelago hi the Indian Ocean. The Seychelles are important for the large numbers of endemic birds there. In the early eighteenth century, when colonists first settled hi the islands, about a dozen species occurred on most of them. But with increasing human settlements the birds decreased, some became extinct, and now most of the endemic ones are to be found on only one or two islands. In this article Malcolm Penny, a member of the 1964—65 Bristol University Seychelles Expedition, describes the island and the more interesting birds. The photographs of Cousin opposite are by him.
This account of the past and present status of both species of rhinoceros in Rhodesia was presented by the author, in his capacity as Assistant Director (Research) of National Parks and Wildlife Management in Rhodesia, to the Survival Service Commission of IUCN in 1965, and since brought up to date. Dr. Roth, who is now Wildlife Officer of the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), describes how both species have been eliminated from large areas not only by human settlement but also by tsetse control operations, and shows the importance of modern techniques of translocation, both for saving threatened populations and reducing local over-populations.