Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Will the Kafue Lechwe Survive the Kafue Dams?

  • Richard Schuster (a1)

Abstract

In the early 1970s the huge lechwe herds gave the Kafue Flats in Zambia one of the highest carrying capacities in the world – an estimated 11,000kg per sq km. But these highly specialised antelopes depend on the annual floods of the Kafue river, to which particularly they have adapted their breeding behaviour and the leks in which they mate. Since the completion of two huge dams on the Kafue these floods are now controlled in the interests of making electricity, and not of the lechwe. The author, who studied the lechwe's social organisation and behaviour in the Lochinvar National Park, first describes the lechwe's remarkable lek system, how they are adapted to the floods to the point of being able to graze in water up to their shoulders, and the remarkable way in which they maximise the resources of the Flats. In the second part (page 481) he shows how the new flood control can disrupt their breeding behaviour and social organisation, which might lead to the extinction of the Kafue lechwe.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Will the Kafue Lechwe Survive the Kafue Dams?
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Will the Kafue Lechwe Survive the Kafue Dams?
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Will the Kafue Lechwe Survive the Kafue Dams?
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

References

Hide All
1.Ansell, W.F.M. 1955. The declining red lechwe. Oryx 3, 1518.
2.Bainbridge, W.R. 1967. Lochinvar. Black Lechwe 6:3, 48.
3.Bell, R.H.V., and Grimsdell, J.J.R. 1973. The presecuted black lechwe of Zambia. Oryx 12, 7792.
4.Bell, R.H.V., Grimsdell, J.J.R., Van Lavieren, L.P. and Sayer, J.A. 1973. Census of the Kafue lechwe by aerial stratified sampling. East African Wildlife Journal 11, 5574.
5.Buechner, H.K. 1961. Territorial behaviour in Uganda kob. Science 133, 698–9.
6.Buechner, H.K. 1974. Implications of social behaviour in the management of Uganda kob. In: V., Geist and F., Walther (eds.), The Behaviour of Ungulates and its Relation to Management, 853–70. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland.
7.Buechner, H.K., and Roth, H.D. 1974. The lek system in Uganda kob antelope. American Zoologist 14, 145–62.
8.Buechner, H.K., and Schloeth, R. 1965. Ceremonial mating behaviour in Uganda kob (Adenota kob thomasi Neumann). Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 22, 209–25.
9.Child, G. 1975. The decline of a lechwe population. Mammalia 39, 706.
10.Crook, J.H. 1965. The adaptive significance of avian social organisations. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 14, 181218.
11.Dorst, J., and Dandelot, P. 1970. A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Africa. Collins, London.
12.Emlen, S.T., and Oring, L.W. 1977. Ecology, sexual selection and the evolution of mating systems. Science 197, 215–24.
13.Estes, R.D. 1969. Territorial behaviour of the wildebeest (Connochaetes taurinus Burchell, 1823). Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 26, 284370.
14.Geerling, C., and Bokdam, V. 1971. The Senegal kob Adenota kob kob (Erxleben) in the Comoe National Park, Ivory Coast. Mammalia 35, 1724.
15.Geist, V., 1971. Mountain Sheep: A Study in Behaviour and Evolution. University of Chicago Press.
16.Geist, V., 1974. On the relationship of ecology and behaviour in the evolution of ungulates: theoretical considerations. In: Geist, V. and Walther, F. (eds.), The Behaviour of Ungulates and Its Relationship to Management, 235–46. IUCN, Morges, Switzerland.
17.Grimsdell, J.J.R., and Bell, R.H.V. 1972a. Population growth of red lechwe, Kobus leche leche Gray, in the Busanga Plain, Zambia. East African Wildlife Journal 10, 117–22.
18.Grimsdell, J.J.R., and Bell, R.H.V. 1972b. The black lechwe and the Bangweulu flood plains. Black Lechwe 10:4, 69.
19.Grimsdell, J.J.R., and Bell, R.H.V. 1975. Ecology of the Black Lechwe in the Bangweulu Basin of Zambia. National Council for Scientific Research, Lusaka, Zambia.
20.Handlos, D.M., Handlos, W.L. and Howard, G.W. 1976. A study of the diet of the Kafue lechwe (Kobus leche) by analysis of rumen contents. In: Proceeding of the Fourth Regional Wildlife Conference for Eastern and Central Africa, 197211. Ministry for Lands, Natural Resources and Tourism, Lusaka, Zambia.
21.Jarman, P.J. 1974. The social organisation of antelope in relation to their ecology. Behaviour 48, 215–67.
22.Krebs, C.J. 1972. Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance. Harper & Row, New York.
23.Lent, P.C. 1969. A preliminary study of the Okavangolechvre(Kobus leche leche Gray). East African Wildlife Journal 7, 147–57.
25.Leuthold, W. 1966. Variations in territorial behaviour of Uganda kob Adenota kob thomasi (Neumann, 1896). Behaviour 27, 214–57.
26.Leuthold, W. 1977. African Ungulates: A Comparative Review of Their Ethology and Behavioral Ecology. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
27.Lorenz, K. 1966. On Aggression. Methuen, London.
28.Miller, P. 1978. Kafue Basin. Black Lechwe 12:3, 1820.
29.Mitchell, B.L., and Uys, J.M.C. 1961. The problem of the lechwe (Kobus leche) on the Kafue Flats. Oryx 6, 171–83.
30.Montfort-Braham, N. 1975. Variations dans la structure sociale du topi, Damaliscus korrigum Ogilby, au Pare National de l'Akagera, Ruwanda. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie 39, 332364.
31.Owen-Smith, N. 1977. On territoriality in ungulates and an evolutionary model. The Quarterly Review of Biology 52, 138.
32.Rees, W.A. 1978. Do the dams spell disaster for the Kafue lechwe? Oryx 14, 231–5.
34.Robinette, W.L., and Child, G.F.T. 1964. Notes on the biology of the lechwe (Kobus leche). Puku 2, 84117.
35.Rottcher, D. 1976a. Research on wildlife diseases in Zambia. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Regional Wildlife Conference for Eastern and Central Africa, 147–57. Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Tourism, Lusaka, Zambia.
36.Rottcher, D. 1976b. Post Mortem Findings on 103 Lechwe from the Lochinvar National Park. Unpublished typescript.
37.Sayer, J.A., and Van Lavieren, L.P. 1975. The ecology of the Kafue lechwe population of Zambia before the operation of hydro-electric dams on the Kafue River. East African Wildlife Journal 13, 937.
38.Schuster, R.H. 1976a. Lekking behaviour in the Kafue lechwe. Science 192, 1240–2.
39.Schuster, R.H. 1976b. Reproductive social organisation of Kafue lechwe: implications for management and survival. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Regional Wildlife Conference for Eastern and Central Africa, 163–83. Ministry of Lands, Natural Resources and Tourism, Lusaka, Zambia.
40.Schuster, R.H. 1978a. The vital lechwe lek. Oryx 14, 235–6.
41.Schuster, R.H. 1978b. Ethological theories of aggression. In: I.L., Kutash, S.B., Kutash and L.B., Schlesinger (eds.), Violence: Perspectives on Murder and Aggression, 74100. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
42.Schuster, R.H. 1978c. Social organisation of Kafue lechwe. BlackLechwe 12:3, 4051.
43.Smith, E.W., and Dale, A.M. 1920. The Ila-Speaking Peoples of Northern Rhodesia, Vol. 1, 154–6. University Books, New York (1968).
44.Spinage, C. A. 1969. Territoriality and social organisation of the Uganda defasse waterbuck Kobus defassa ugandae. Journal of Zoology, London 159, 329–61.
45.Van Rensburg, H.J. 1968. Ecology of the Kafue Flats. In: Multipurpose Survey of the Kafue River Basin, Vol. 4, Part 1. UNDP, FAO, Rome.
47.Williams, G.J. 1976. The Kafue hydroelectric scheme and its environmental setting. In: G.J., Williams and G.W., Howard (eds.), Development and Ecology in the Lower Kafue Basin in the Nineteen Seventies, 1327. University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia.
48.Wilson, E.O. 1975. Sociobiology: The New Synthesis. Belknap, Cambridge, Mass.

Will the Kafue Lechwe Survive the Kafue Dams?

  • Richard Schuster (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed