Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Recovering the jaguar Panthera onca in peripheral range: a challenge to conservation policy

  • Tony Povilitis (a1)

Abstract

The recovery goal for the jaguar Panthera onca in the USA should be to restore significant presence with some reproduction, consistent with historical records. Nevertheless, the prevailing conservation strategy for the jaguar does not include restoration in peripheral range and merely seeks long-term survival of the jaguar within its existing northern range, which is almost entirely in Mexico. Broader issues are whether recovery programmes should include peripheral populations, range expansion and species representation across ecoregions. Considering jaguar history, habitat, population requirements, wildlife management and other factors in the southwestern USA, efforts to re-establish the species would have a reasonable chance of success. Recovery of the jaguar in the USA would improve prospects for the adaptation and survival of the species within its northern range, given habitat loss, conflicts with humans and climate change.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Recovering the jaguar Panthera onca in peripheral range: a challenge to conservation policy
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Recovering the jaguar Panthera onca in peripheral range: a challenge to conservation policy
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Recovering the jaguar Panthera onca in peripheral range: a challenge to conservation policy
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Abbitt, R.J.F., Scott, J.M. & Wilcove, D.S. (2000) The geography of vulnerability: incorporating species geography and human development patterns into conservation planning. Biological Conservation, 96, 169175.
Abhat, D. (2011) Fenced out: wildlife impacts of the US–Mexico border fence. The Wildlife Professional, 5, 2227.
AGFD (Arizona Game and Fish Department) (2009) Macho B Jaguar Information. Http://www.azgfd.gov/w_c/jaguar/MachoB.shtml [accessed 2 July 2012].
AGFD (Arizona Game and Fish Department) (2011) Hunt Arizona: Survey, Harvest and Hunt Data for Big and Small Game. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, USA.
AGFD (Arizona Game and Fish Department) & NMDGF (New Mexico Department of Game and Fish) (2007) Jaguar Conservation Framework for Arizona, New Mexico, and Northern Mexico. Arizona Game and Fish Department, Phoenix, USA.
AWLW (Arizona Wildlife Linkages Workgroup) (2006) Arizona's Wildlife Linkages Assessment. Arizona Department of Transportation, Phoenix, USA.
Beaumont, L.J., Pitman, A., Perkins, S., Zimmermann, N.E., Yoccoz, N.G. & Thuiller, W. (2011) Impacts of climate change on the world's most exceptional ecoregions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 108, 23062311.
Boydston, E.E. & López-González, C.A. (2005) Sexual differentiation in the distribution potential of northern jaguars (Panthera onca). In Connecting Mountain Islands and Desert Seas: Biodiversity and Management of the Madrean Archipelago II (eds Gottfried, G.J., Gebow, B.S., Eskew, L.G. & Edminster, C.B.), pp. 5156. Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fort Collins, USA.
Brown, D.E. (1983) On the status of the jaguar in the Southwest. Southwestern Naturalist, 28, 459460.
Brown, D.E. & López-González, C.A. (2001) Borderland Jaguars: Tigres De La Frontera. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, USA.
Brown, D.E. & Lowe, C.H. (1994) Biotic Communities of the Southwest. University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, USA.
Carrera, R. & Ballard, W.B. (2003) Elk distribution in Mexico: a critical review. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 31, 2721276.
Carrillo, L., Ceballos, G., Chávez, C., Cornejo, J., Faller, J.C., List, R. & Zarza, H. (2007) Análisis de viabilidad de poblaciones y del hábitat del jaguar en México. In Conservación y manejo del jaguar en México: studios de caso y perspectivas (eds Ceballos, G., Chávez, C., List, R. & Zarza, H.), pp. 187223. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico.
Carroll, C., Vucetich, J.A., Nelson, M.P., Rohlf, D.J. & Phillips, M.K. (2010) Geography and recovery under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Conservation Biology, 24, 395403.
Caso, A., Lopez-Gonzalez, C., Payan, E., Eizirik, E., de Oliveira, T., Leite-Pitman, R. et al. (2008) Panthera onca. In IUCN Red List of Threatened Species v. 2013.2. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 11 December 2013].
Channell, R. & Lomolino, M.V. (2000) Dynamic biogeography and the conservation of endangered species. Nature, 403, 8486.
Clark, T.W., Rutherford, M.B. & Casey, D. (eds) (2005) Coexisting with Large Carnivores: Lessons from Greater Yellowstone. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
CDOW (Colorado Division of Wildlife) (2013) Success of the Colorado Division of Wildlife's Lynx Reintroduction Program. Http://wildlife.state.co.us/SiteCollectionDocuments/DOW/Research/Mammals/ColoradoLynxReintroductionAssessment_090710.pdf [accessed 25 July 2013].
Corridor Designs (2012) Wildlife Linkage Planning in Arizona. Http://corridordesign.org/linkages/arizona [accessed 18 July 2012].
Daggett, P.M. & Henning, D.R. (1974) The jaguar in North America. American Antiquity, 39, 465469.
Eizirik, E., Kim, J.H., Menotti-Raymond, M., Crawshaw, P.G., O'Brien, S.J. & Johnson, W.E. (2001) Phylogeography, population history and conservation genetics of jaguars (Panthera onca, Mammalia, Felidae). Molecular Ecology, 10, 6579.
Fisher, A.K. & Bell, W.B. (1927) Report of the Committee on Economic Mammalogy. American Society of Mammalogists. Archived with the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
Flather, C.H., Hayward, G.D., Beissinger, S.R. & Stephens, P.A. (2011) Minimum viable populations: is there a ‘magic number’ for conservation practitioners? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 26, 307316.
Gibson, S.Y., van der Marel, R.C. & Starzomski, B.M. (2009) Climate change and conservation of leading-edge peripheral populations. Conservation Biology, 23, 13691373.
Gray, G. (ed.) (2008) Scientific Assessment of the Effects of Global Change on the United States. A report of the committee on Environment and Natural Resources. National Science Technology Council. U.S. Climate Change Science Program, Washington, DC, USA.
Grigione, M.M., Menke, K., López-González, C.A., List, R., Banda, A., Carrera, J. et al. (2009) Identifying potential conservation areas for felids in the USA and Mexico: integrating reliable knowledge across an international border. Oryx, 43, 7886.
Grigione, M.M., Scoville, A., Scoville, G. & Crooks, K. (2007) Neotropical cats in southeast Arizona and surrounding areas: past and present status of jaguars, ocelots and jaguarundis. Mastozoología Neotropical, 14, 189199.
Hadly, E.A. & Barnosky, A.D. (2009) Vertebrate fossils and the future of conservation biology. In Conservation Paleobiology: Using the Past to Manage for the Future (eds Dietl, G.P. & Flessa, K.W.), pp. 3959. The Paleontological Society Papers No. 15. Paleontological Research Institution and its Museum of the Earth, Ithaca, USA.
Hall, E.R. (1981) The Mammals of North America. Blackburn Press, Caldwell, USA.
Hatten, J.R., Averill-Murray, A. & Van Pelt, W.E. (2005) A spatial model of potential jaguar habitat in Arizona. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 69, 10241033.
Hayward, M.W. & Somers, M.J. (eds) (2009) Reintroduction of Top-Order Predators. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, USA.
Hoffmeister, D.F. (1986) Mammals of Arizona. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, USA.
Judd, R.W. (2009) The Untilled Garden: Natural History and the Spirit of Conservation in America, 1740–1840. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Kelly, M.J. & Silver, S. (2009) The suitability of the jaguar (Panthera onca) for reintroduction. In Reintroduction of Top-Order Predators (eds Hayward, M.W. & Somers, M.J.), pp. 187205. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, USA.
Lange, K.I. (1960) The jaguar in Arizona. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 63, 96101.
Laundré, J.W. & Hernández, L. (2010) What we know about pumas in Latin America. In Cougar: Ecology and Conservation (eds Hornocker, M. & Negri, S.), pp. 7690. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, USA.
Lesica, P. & Allendorf, F.W. (1995) When are peripheral populations valuable for conservation? Conservation Biology, 9, 753760.
López-González, C.A. (2004) Distribución, ecología y conservación del jaguar (Panthera onca) en el estado de Sonora. Oficio NUM/SGPA/DGVS/03921, Escuela de Biología, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Mexico.
Mahler, R. (2009) The Jaguar's Shadow: Searching for a Mythic Cat. Yale University Press, New Haven, USA.
Matthiessen, P. (1959) Wildlife in America. Viking Press, New York, USA.
Mattson, D., Hart, J., Miller, M. & Miller, D. (2007) Predation and other behaviors of mountain lions in the Flagstaff Uplands. In Mountain Lions of the Flagstaff Uplands: 2003–2006 Progress Report (ed. Mattson, D.), pp. 3142. U.S. Geological Survey, Flagstaff, USA.
McCain, E.B. & Childs, J.L. (2008) Evidence of resident jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southwestern United States and the implications for conservation. Journal of Mammology, 89, 110.
Menke, K.A. & Hayes, C.L. (2003) Evaluation of the Relative Suitability of Potential Jaguar Habitat in New Mexico. Report to New Mexico Department of Game and Fish, Santa Fe, USA.
Navarro-Serment, C.J., López-González, C.A. & Gallo-Reynoso, J.P. (2005) Occurrence of jaguars (Panthera onca) in Sinaloa, Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist, 50, 102105.
Nielsen, J.L., Scott, J.M. & Aycrigg, J.L. (2001) Endangered species and peripheral populations: cause for conservation. Endangered Species Update, 18, 193220.
North American Atlas (2006) Ecological Regions of North America, Level III. Commission for Environmental Cooperation. Http://www3.cec.org/islandora/en/item/2560-ecological-regions-north-america-level-i-iii-en.pdf [accessed 10 May 2013].
Onorato, D., Belden, C., Cunningham, M., Land, D., McBride, R. & Roelke, M. (2010) Long-term research on the Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi): historical findings and future obstacles to population persistence. In Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids (eds MacDonald, D.W. & Loveridge, A.J.), pp. 453469. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Povilitis, T. & Becker, C.D. (2010) Advancing large carnivore recovery in the Southwest. In Southwestern Desert Resources (eds Halvorson, W.L., Schwalbe, C.R. & van Riper, C. III), pp. 263273. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, USA.
Rabinowitz, A. (1999) Present status of jaguars (Panthera onca) in the southwestern United States. The Southwestern Naturalist, 44, 96100.
Rabinowitz, A. & Zeller, K. (2010) A range-wide model of landscape connectivity and conservation for the jaguar, Panthera onca . Biological Conservation, 143, 939945.
Rafinesque, C.S. (1832) On the Large Wanderings of Tygers or Jaguars of the United States. Atlantic Journal and Friend of Knowledge, Philadelphia, USA, pp. 1819.
Redford, K.H., Amato, G., Baillie, J., Beldomencio, P., Bennet, E.L., Clum, N. et al. (2011) What does it mean to successfully conserve a (vertebrate) species? BioScience, 61, 3948.
Robinson, M.J. (2006) Habitat for Jaguar in New Mexico. Contract report to Arizona Game and Fish Department. Center for Biological Diversity, Silver City, USA.
Rosas-Rosas, O.C. (2006) Ecological status and conservation of jaguars (Panthera onca) in northeastern Sonora, Mexico . PhD thesis. New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, USA.
Sanderson, E.W., Redford, K.H., Chetkiewicz, C.B., Medellin, R.A., Rabinowitz, A.R., Robinson, J.G. & Taber, A.B. (2002) Planning to save a species: the jaguar as a model. Conservation Biology, 16, 5872.
Seager, R., Mingfang, T., Held, I., Kushnir, Y., Lu, J., Vecchi, G. et al. (2007) Model projections of an imminent transition to a more arid climate in southwestern North America. Science, 316, 11811184.
Traill, L.W., Brook, B.W., Frankham, R.R. & Bradshaw, C.J.A. (2010) Pragmatic population viability targets in a rapidly changing world. Biological Conservation, 143, 2834.
USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) (2012a) Recovery Outline for the Jaguar. USFWS, Phoenix, USA.
USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) (2012b) Designation of critical habitat for jaguar, proposed rule. Federal Register, 77, 5021350242.
USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) (2012c) Questions and Answers. Jaguar Critical Habitat Prudency Determination and Recovery Plan. Press release. Phoenix, USA.
USFWS (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) & NMFS (National Marine Fisheries Service) (1996) Policy regarding the recognition of distinct vertebrate population segments under the Endangered Species Act. Federal Register, 61, 47224725.
USFWS (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service) & NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) (2011) Draft policy on interpretation of the phrase ‘significant portion of its range’ in the Endangered Species Act's definitions of ‘Endangered Species’ and ‘Threatened Species’. Federal Register, 76, 7698777006.
Vucetich, J.A. & Waite, T.A. (2003) Spatial patterns of demography and genetic processes across the species’ range: null hypothesis for landscape conservation genetics. Conservation Genetics, 4, 639645.
Walston, J., Robinson, J.G., Bennett, E.L., Breitenmoser, U., da Fonseca, G.A.B., Godrich, J. et al. (2010) Bringing the tiger back from the brink—the six percent solution. PLoS Biology, 8, e1000485.
WGA (Western Governors’ Association) (2012) Initiative on Wildlife Corridors and Crucial Habitat. Http://www.westgov.org/wildlife/ [accessed 2 June 2012].
WRP (Western Regional Partnership) (2013) Natural Resources Committee. Https://www.wrpinfo.org/Pages/Committees/NaturalResources.aspx [accessed 10 May 2013].
Zeller, K. (2007) Jaguars in the New Millennium. Data Set Update: The State of the Jaguar in 2006. A report prepared for the Wildlife Conservation Society's Jaguar Conservation Program, Bronx, USA.

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed