Arora, D. (2008) The houses that matsutake built. Economic Botany, 62, 278–290.
Belcher, B., Ruíz-Pérez, M. & Achdiawan, R. (2005) Global patterns and trends in the use and management of commercial NTFPs: implications for livelihoods and conservation. World Development, 33, 1435–1452.
Belcher, B. & Schreckenberg, K. (2007) Commercialisation of non-timber forest products: a reality check. Development Policy Review, 25, 355–377.
Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: a Practical Information-Theoretic Approach. Springer-Verlag, New York, USA.
Cavendish, W. (2000) Empirical regularities in the poverty-environment relationship of rural households: evidence from Zimbabwe. World Development, 28, 1979–2003.
Chambers, R. (1987) Sustainable Livelihoods, Environment and Development: Putting Poor Rural People First. IDS, Brighton, UK.
Crawley, M.J. (2007) The R Book. Wiley Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
Daily, G.C. (1997) Nature's Services: Societal Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Davies, G. & Brown, D. (2007) Bushmeat and Livelihoods: Wildlife Management and Poverty Reduction. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK.
de Merode, E., Homewood, K. & Cowlishaw, G. (2004) The value of bushmeat and other wild foods to rural households living in extreme poverty in Democratic Republic of Congo. Biological Conservation, 118, 573–581.
De Sherbinin, A., VanWey, L.K., McSweeney, K., Aggarwal, R., Barbieri, A., Henry, S.
et al. (2008) Rural household demographics, livelihoods and the environment. Global Environmental Change, 18, 38–53.
Dove, M. (1994) Marketing the Rainforest:'Green’ Panacea or Red Herring? Asia Pacific Issues, East-West Center, Honolulu, USA.
Ellis, F. (2000) Rural Livelihoods and Diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Fischer, A.M. (2005) State Growth and Social Exclusion in Tibet: Challenges of Recent Economic Growth. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, USA.
Fischer, A.M. (2008) Subsistence and rural livelihood strategies in Tibet under rapid economic and social transition. International Association of Tibetan Studies Journal, 4, 41–49.
Fischer, A.M. (2011) The great transformation of Tibet? Rapid labour transitions in times of rapid growth in the Tibetan Autonomous Region. Himalaya, The Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies, 30, 63–78.
Godoy, R., Groff, S. & O'Neill, K. (1998) The role of education in neotropical deforestation: household evidence from Amerindians in Honduras. Human Ecology, 26, 649–675.
Goldstein, M.C., Jiao, B., Beall, C.M. & Tsering, P. (2003) Development and change in rural Tibet: problems and adaptations. Asian Survey, 43, 758–779.
Kamanga, P., Vedeld, P. & Sjaastad, E. (2009) Forest incomes and rural livelihoods in Chiradzulu District, Malawi. Ecological Economics, 68, 613–624.
Lybbert, T.J., Aboudrare, A., Chaloud, D., Magnan, N. & Nash, M. (2011) Booming markets for Moroccan argan oil appear to benefit some rural households while threatening the endemic argan forest. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 13963–13968.
Mamo, G., Sjaastad, E. & Vedeld, P. (2007) Economic dependence on forest resources: a case from Dendi District, Ethiopia. Forest Policy and Economics, 9, 916–927.
McElwee, P.D. (2008) Forest environmental income in Vietnam: household socioeconomic factors influencing forest use. Environmental Conservation, 35, 147–159.
McSweeney, K. (2002) Who is ‘forest-dependent’? Capturing local variation in forest-product sale, Eastern Honduras. Professional Geographer, 54, 158–174.
McSweeney, K. (2004) Forest product sale as natural insurance: the effects of household characteristics and the nature of shock in Eastern Honduras. Society and Natural Resources, 17, 39–56.
Menzies, N. & Li, C. (2010) One eye on the forest, one eye on the market: multi-tiered regulation of matsutake harvesting, conservation and trade in Northwestern Yunnan Province. In Wild Products Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-Timber Forest Products (eds Laird, S., McLain, R. & Wynerg, R.), pp. 243–264. Earthscan, London, UK.
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (2005) Ecosystems and Human Well-being: Synthesis. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Narain, U., Gupta, S. & Van't Veld, K. (2008) Poverty and resource dependence in rural India. Ecological Economics, 66, 161–176.
Nepstad, D.C. & Schwartzman, S. (1992) Non-Timber Products from Tropical Forests: Evaluation of a Conservation and Development Strategy. New York Botanical Garden, New York, USA.
Neumann, R.P. & Hirsch, E. (2000) Commercialisation of Non-timber Forest Products: Review and Analysis of Research. Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor, Indonesia.
Olsen, C.S. & Larsen, H.O. (2003) Alpine medicinal plant trade and Himalayan mountain livelihood strategies. Geographical Journal, 169, 243–254.
Pattanayak, S.K. & Sills, E.O. (2001) Do tropical forests provide natural insurance? The microeconomics of non-timber forest product collection in the Brazilian Amazon. Land Economics, 77, 595–612.
Perz, R. T. & Walker, R. T. (2002) Household life cycles and secondary forest cover among small farm colonists in the Amazon. World Development, 30, 1009–1027.
Peters, C. M. (1996) Observations on the sustainable exploitation of non-timber tropical forest products. In Non-Timber Forest Products from Tropical Forests: Evaluation of a Conservation and Development Strategy (eds Nepstad, D.C. & Schwartzman, S.), pp. 19–39. New York Botanical Garden, New York, USA.
R Development Core Team (2011) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
Rayamajhi, S., Smith-Hall, C. & Helles, F. (2012) Empirical evidence of the economic importance of Central Himalayan forests to rural households. Forest Policy and Economics, 20, 25–35.
Ribot, J.C. & Peluso, N.L. (2003) A theory of access. Rural Sociology, 68, 153–181.
Richardson, H.E. (1984) Tibet and its History. Shambhala, Boulder, USA.
Rijal, A., Smith-Hall, C. & Helles, F. (2011) Non-timber forest product dependency in the Central Himalayan foot hills. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 13, 121–140.
Ryavec, K. & Winkler, D. (2006) Logging impacts to forests in Tibetan areas of Southwest China: a case study from Ganze Prefecture based on 1998 Landsat TM imagery. Himalaya, The Journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies, 26, 39–45.
Sharma, C.M., Gairola, S., Ghildiyal, S.K. & Suyal, S. (2009) Forest resource use patterns in relation to socioeconomic status. Mountain Research and Development, 29, 308–319.
Stone, R. (2008) Last stand for the body snatcher of the Himalayas?
Science, 322, 1182.
Tang, C.Q. (2006) Evergreen sclerophyllous Quercus forests in northwestern Yunnan, China as compared to the Mediterranean evergreen Quercus forests in California, USA and northeastern Spain. Web Ecology, 6, 88–101.
Ticktin, T. (2004) The ecological implications of harvesting non-timber forest products. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 11–21.
Uberhuaga, P., Smith-Hall, C. & Helles, F. (2012) Forest income and dependency in lowland Bolivia. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 14, 3–23.
UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) (2005) China Human Development Reports: Development with Equity. China Translation and Publishing Corporation, Beijing, China.
Vira, B. & Kontoleon, A. (2010) Dependence of the poor on biodiversity: which poor, what biodiversity? In Linking Biodiversity, Conservation & Poverty Alleviation: a State of Knowledge Review. CBD Technical Series No. 55, pp. 13–28. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, Canada.
Walker, R. (2003) Mapping process to pattern in the landscape change of the Amazonian frontier. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 93, 376–398.
Waylen, K. (2010) The implications of local views and institutions for the outcomes of community-based conservation. PhD thesis. Imperial College London, London, UK.
Wickramasinghe, A., Pérez, M.R. & Blockhus, J.M. (1996) Non-timber forest product gathering in Ritigala Forest (Sri Lanka): household strategies and community differentiation. Human Ecology, 24, 493–519.
Winkler, D. (2005) Yartsa gunbu—Cordeceps sinensis: economy, ecology and ethno-mycology of a fungus endemic to the Tibetan plateau. In Wildlife and Plants in Traditional and Modern Tibet: Conceptions, Exploitations and Conservation. Memorie della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Vol. 33 (eds Boesi, A. & Cardi, F.), pp. 69–85. Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, Milan, Italy.
Winkler, D. (2008a) The mushrooming fungi market in Tibet exemplified by Cordyceps sinensis and Tricholoma matsutake
. Journal of the International Association for Tibetan Studies, 4, 41–47.
Winkler, D. (2008b) Yartsa gunbu (Cordyceps sinensis) and the fungal commodification of Tibet's rural economy. Economic Botany, 62, 291–305.
Winkler, D. (2009) Caterpillar Fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) production and sustainability on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Himalayas. Asian Medicine, 5, 291–316.
Xiang, Z.F., Huo, S., Wang, L., Cui, L.W., Xiao, W., Quan, R.C. & Tai, Z. (2007) Distribution, status and conservation of the black-and-white snub-nosed monkey Rhinopithecus bieti in Tibet. Oryx, 41, 525–531.
Yeh, E.T. (1998) Forest Products, Foreign Markets, and Conflict between Tibetan Mushroom Harvesting Villages in Southwest China. Center for Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
Yeh, E.T. & Gaerrang (2011) Tibetan pastoralism in neoliberalising China: continuity and change in Gouli. Area, 43, 165–172.
Zang, M. (1984) Mushroom distribution and the diversity of habitats in Tibet, China. McIlvainea: Journal of American Amateur Mycology, 6, 15–20.