Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Extended negative impact of secondary infrastructure on the high conservation values of sparsely developed areas

  • Ricardo Morán-López (a1), Juan M. Sánchez Guzmán (a1), Alejandra Bettina Perales Casildo (a1) and Óscar Uceda Tolosa (a1)

Abstract

Although there is increasing evidence for the effects on wildlife of primary infrastructure (paved roads and human settlements), the effect of secondary infrastructure (tracks and isolated buildings) is generally assumed to be low in sparsely developed areas. We hypothesized that secondary infrastructure may have a negative effect similar to that of primary infrastructure, and hence may be the source of extended impacts in landscapes that are otherwise relatively undisturbed. We studied multi-year breeding site data for a community of large birds (raptors and storks) in the Monfragüe Biosphere Reserve, in the south-west Iberian Peninsula. Using a bootstrap model selection approach we modelled the distribution of breeding sites, using as predictors measures of habitat accessibility (relief, hydrography) and various types of infrastructure (primary and secondary) at different scales. Distance effect functions were developed. Secondary infrastructure exerted a negative effect on breeding sites that was equivalent to that of primary infrastructure, in terms of both transport (track vs road) and dwellings (scattered vs aggregated). The negative effect was distance (rather than density) mediated, and remained within the 1 km scale. The potential impact of secondary infrastructure is greater than that of primary infrastructure as it occupies more extensive areas and includes richer communities, with significant proportions of threatened populations. Our results contradict common assumptions about the negligible impact of secondary infrastructure on biodiversity, reveal new challenges for biodiversity conservation, and provide insights relevant for the spatial planning of isolated buildings and tracks in sparsely developed areas with species of conservation interest.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Extended negative impact of secondary infrastructure on the high conservation values of sparsely developed areas
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Extended negative impact of secondary infrastructure on the high conservation values of sparsely developed areas
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Extended negative impact of secondary infrastructure on the high conservation values of sparsely developed areas
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail rmoran@unex.es

References

Hide All
Anselin, L. (1988) Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Models. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Anthony, R.G. & Isaacs, F.B. (1989) Characteristics of bald eagle nest sites in Oregon. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 53, 148159.
Bautista, L.M., García, J.T., Calmaestra, R.G., Palacín, C., Martín, C.A., Morales, M.B. et al. (2004) Effect of weekend road traffic on the use of space by raptors. Conservation Biology, 18, 726732.
Benítez-López, A., Alkemade, R. & Verweij, P.A. (2010) The impacts of roads and other infrastructure on mammal and bird populations: a meta-analysis. Biological Conservation, 143, 13071316.
BirdLife International (2004) Birds in the European Union: A Status Assessment. BirdLife International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Blondel, J. & Aronson, J. (1999) Biology and Wildlife of the Mediterranean Region. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Bonn, A. & Schröder, B. (2001) Habitat models and their transfer for single and multi species groups: a case study of carabids in an alluvial forest. Ecography, 24, 483496.
Brugiere, D., Badjinca, I., Silca, C., Serra, A. & Barry, M. (2006) On the road to extinction? The status of elephant Loxodonta africana in Guinea Bissau and western Guinea, West Africa. Oryx, 40, 442446.
Buckland, S.T. & Elston, D.A. (1993) Empirical models for the spatial distribution of wildlife. Journal of Applied Ecology, 30, 478495.
Burnham, K.P. & Anderson, D.R. (2002) Model Selection and Multimodel Inference: A Practical-Theoretic Approach. 2nd edition. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany.
Carroll, S.S. & Pearson, D.L. (2000) Detecting and modeling spatial and temporal dependence in conservation biology. Conservation Biology, 14, 18931897.
Clergeau, P., Croci, S., Jokimäki, J., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.L. & Dinetti, M. (2006) Avifauna homogenisation by urbanisation: analysis at different European latitudes. Biological Conservation, 127, 336344.
Dallimer, M., King, T. & Atkinson, R.J. (2009) Pervasive threats within a protected area: conserving the endemic birds of São Tomé, West Africa. Animal Conservation, 12, 209219.
D'Amico, M., Périquet, S., Román, J. & Revilla, E. (2016) Road avoidance responses determine the impact of heterogeneous road networks at a regional scale. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53, 181190.
Dawson, T. & Fry, R. (1998) Agriculture in nature's image. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 5051.
Díaz, M., Campos, P. & Pulido, F.J. (1997) The Spanish dehesas: a diversity in land-use and wildlife. In Farming and Birds in Europe. The Common Agricultural Policy and its Implications for Bird Conservation (eds Pain, D.J. & Pienkowski, M.W.), pp. 178209. Academic Press, London, UK.
EEA (European Environment Agency) (2006) Urban sprawl in Europe—The Ignored Challenge. EEA Report n° 10/2006. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark.
EEA (European Environment Agency) (2011) Landscape Fragmentation in Europe. EEA Report n° 2/2011. European Environment Agency, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Fahrig, L. & Rytwinski, T. (2009) Effects of roads on animal abundance: an empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society, 14, 21.
Franklin, J., Wejnert, K.E., Hathaway, S.A., Rochester, C.J. & Fisher, R.N. (2009) Effect of species rarity on the accuracy of species distribution models for reptiles and amphibians in southern California. Diversity and Distributions, 15, 167177.
García Del Barrio, J.M., Bolaños, F., Ortega, M. & Elena-Roselló, R. (2004) Dynamics of land use and land cover change in Dehesa landscapes of the “REDPARES” network between 1956 and 1998. Advances in Geoecology, 37, 4754.
GIC (Grupo de Investigación en Biología de la Conservación) (2010) Reserva de la Biosfera de Monfragüe. Informe anual 2009. Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, Spain.
González-Gallina, A., Benítez-Badillo, G., Rojas-Soto, O.R. & Hidalgo-Mihart, M.G. (2013) The small, the forgotten and the dead: highway impact on vertebrates and its implications for mitigation strategies. Biodiversity and Conservation, 22, 325342.
Gutzwiller, K.J. & Barrow, W.C. Jr (2003) Influences of roads and development on bird communities in protected Chihuahuan Desert landscapes. Biological Conservation, 113, 225237.
Joffre, R., Rambal, S. & Ratte, J.P. (1999) The dehesa system of southern Spain and Portugal as a natural ecosystem mimic. Agroforestry Systems, 45, 5779.
Kociolek, A.V., Clevenger, A.P., St Clair, C.C. & Proppe, D.S. (2011) Effects of road networks on bird populations. Conservation Biology, 25, 241249.
Lambertucci, S.A., Speziale, K.L., Rogers, T.E. & Morales, J.M. (2009) How do roads affect the habitat use of an assemblage of scavenging raptors? Biodiversity and Conservation, 18, 20632074.
Legendre, P. (1993) Spatial autocorrelation: trouble or new paradigm? Ecology, 74, 16591673.
Legendre, P. & Legendre, L. (1998) Numerical Ecology. 2nd edition. Elsevier Science, B.V., Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Mendes, A.M.S.C. (2005) Portugal. In Valuing Mediterranean Forests: Towards Total Economic Value (eds Merlo, M. & Croitoru, L.), pp. 331352. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.
Meunier, F.D., Verheyden, C. & Jouventin, P. (2000) Use of roadsides by diurnal raptors in agricultural landscapes. Biological Conservation, 92, 291298.
Mihoub, J.-B., Jiguet, F., Lécuyer, P., Eliotout, B. & Sarrazin, F. (2014) Modelling nesting site suitability in a population of reintroduced Eurasian black vultures Aegypius monachus in the Grands Causses, France. Oryx, 48, 116124.
Morán-López, R., Sánchez Guzmán, J.M., Borrego, E.C. & Sánchez, A.V. (2006a) Nest-site selection of endangered cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus) populations affected by anthropogenic disturbance: present and future conservation implications. Animal Conservation, 9, 2937.
Morán-López, R., Sánchez, J.M., Costillo, E., Corbacho, C. & Villegas, A. (2006b) Spatial variation in anthropic and natural factors regulating the breeding success of the cinereous vulture (Aegypius monachus) in the SW Iberian Peninsula. Biological Conservation, 130, 169182.
Newton, I. (1979) Population Ecology of Raptors. T. & A.D. Poyser Ltd, Berkhamsted, UK.
Northrup, J.M., Stenhouse, G.B. & Boyce, M.S. (2012) Agricultural lands as ecological traps for grizzly bears. Animal Conservation, 15, 369377.
Peach, W.J., Vincent, K.E., Fowler, J.A. & Grice, P.V. (2008) Reproductive success of house sparrows along an urban gradient. Animal Conservation, 11, 493503.
Pedrana, J., Bustamante, J., Travaini, A. & Rodríguez, A. (2010) Factors influencing guanaco distribution in southern Argentine Patagonia and implications for its sustainable use. Biodiversity and Conservation, 19, 34993512.
Plieninger, T. & Wilbrand, C. (2001) Land use, biodiversity conservation and rural development in the dehesas of Cuatro Lugares, Spain. Agroforestry Systems, 51, 2334.
Randrianandrianina, F.H., Racey, P.A. & Jenins, R.K.B. (2010) Hunting and consumption of mammals and birds by people in urban areas of western Madagascar. Oryx, 44, 411415.
Reijnen, R. & Foppen, R. (1994) The effects of car traffic on breeding bird populations in woodland. I. Evidence of reduced habitat quality for willow warblers (Phylloscopus trochilus) breeding close to a highway. Journal of Applied Ecology, 31, 8594.
Roedenbeck, I.A., Fahrig, L., Findlay, C.S., Houlahan, J.E., Jaeger, J.A.G., Klar, N. et al. (2007) The Rauischholzhausen Agenda for road ecology. Ecology and Society, 12, 11.
Schwenk, W.S. & Donovan, T.M. (2011) A multispecies framework for landscape conservation planning. Conservation Biology, 25, 10101021.
Selva, N., Kreft, S., Kati, V., Schluck, M., Jonsson, B.G., Mihok, B. et al. (2011) Roadless and low-traffic areas as conservation targets in Europe. Environmental Management, 48, 865877.
Sinclair, A.R.E. (2010) Road proposal threatens existence of Serengeti. Oryx, 44, 478479.
Stephens, P.A., Buskirk, S.W., Hayward, G.D. & Martínez Del Río, C. (2005) Information theory and hypothesis testing: a call for pluralism. Journal of Applied Ecology, 42, 412.
Sun, Y., Dong, L., Zhang, Y.Y., Zheng, G.M. & Browne, S.J. (2009) Is a forest road a barrier for the Vulnerable Cabot's tragopan Tragopan caboti in Wuyishan, Jiangxi, China? Oryx, 43, 614617.
Sutherland, W.J., Adams, W.M., Aronson, R.B., Aveling, R., Blackburn, T.M., Broad, S. et al. (2009) One hundred questions of importance to the conservation of global biological diversity. Conservation Biology, 23, 557567.
Telford, R.J. & Birks, H.J.B. (2009) Evaluation of transfer functions in spatially structured environments. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 13091316.
Trombulak, S.C. & Frissell, C.A. (2000) Review of ecological effects of roads on terrestrial and aquatic communities. Conservation Biology, 14, 1830.
Turner, W.R., Nakamura, T. & Dinetti, M. (2004) Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature. BioScience, 54, 585590.
van der Zande, A.N., ter Keurs, W.J. & van der Weijden, W.J. (1980) The impact of roads on the densities of four bird species in an open field habitat—evidence of a long-distance effect. Biological Conservation, 18, 299321.
van Langevelde, F., van Dooremalen, C. & Jaarsma, C.F. (2009) Traffic mortality and the role of minor roads. Journal of Environmental Management, 90, 660667.
Vermaat, J.E., Goosen, H. & Omtzigt, N. (2007) Do biodiversity patterns in Dutch wetland complexes relate to variation in urbanisation, intensity of agricultural land use or fragmentation? Biodiversity and Conservation, 16, 35853595.
Zar, J.H. (1996) Biostatistical Analysis. 3rd edition. Prentice Hall International, London, UK.

Keywords

Extended negative impact of secondary infrastructure on the high conservation values of sparsely developed areas

  • Ricardo Morán-López (a1), Juan M. Sánchez Guzmán (a1), Alejandra Bettina Perales Casildo (a1) and Óscar Uceda Tolosa (a1)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed