Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The effects of ammunition price on subsistence hunting in an Amazonian village

  • Anders H. Sirén (a1) and David S. Wilkie (a2)

Abstract

Research has shown that consumers of wildlife are price sensitive and that the quantity of meat purchased is influenced by the cost of bushmeat and its substitutes. Although there is evidence that hunter-gatherers are optimal foragers whose behaviour is influenced by costs associated with foraging, there is a paucity of studies on whether the behaviour of bushmeat hunters, like that of consumers, is cost sensitive. This paper reports data on the practices of indigenous bushmeat hunters in the lowland forests of Ecuador before and after a national tax on firearms and ammunition was increased by 300%. Results show that hunters' behaviour is, as predicted by optimal foraging theory, responsive to price signals. After a substantial increase in the national tax on shotgun cartridges, hunters modified the set of species considered worth hunting, dropping smaller-bodied species from the set of species they target during a hunt and switching the technology used for hunting, increasingly using muzzle loader shotguns and thus avoiding the cost of expensive cartridges.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The effects of ammunition price on subsistence hunting in an Amazonian village
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The effects of ammunition price on subsistence hunting in an Amazonian village
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The effects of ammunition price on subsistence hunting in an Amazonian village
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail anders.siren@helsinki.fi

Footnotes

Hide All
* Current address: Department of Geosciences and Geography, P.O. Box 64, Gustaf Hällströms gata 2a, FI-00014, University of Helsinki, Finland

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Alvard, M.S. (1993) Testing the “ecologically noble savage” hypothesis: interspecific prey choice by piro hunters of Amazonian Peru. Human Ecology, 21, 355387.
Alvard, M.S. (1995) Intraspecific prey choice by Amazonian hunters. Current Anthropology, 36, 789818.
Angelsen, A. (1999) Agricultural expansion and deforestation: modelling the impact of population, market forces and property rights. Journal of Development Economics, 58, 185 –218.
Apaza, L., Wilkie, D.S., Byron, E., Huanca, T., Leonard, W., Perez, E. et al. (2002) Meat prices influence the consumption of wildlife by the Tsimane Amerindians of Bolivia. Oryx, 36, 382388.
Auzel, P. & Wilkie, D.S. (2000) Wildlife use in northern Congo: hunting in a commercial logging concession. In Hunting for Sustainability in Tropical Forests (eds Robinson, J.G. & Bennett, E.L.), pp. 413426. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.
Balslev, H. & Henderson, A. (1987) A new Ammandra (Palmae) from Ecuador. Systematic Botany, 12, 501504.
Begossi, A., Clauzet, M., Ramires, M., Hanazaki, N., Lopes, P. & Silvano, R. (2011) Foraging behaviour of Brazilian riverine and coastal fishers: how much is explained by the optimal foraging theory? Conservation and Society, 9, 236246.
Bennett, E.L., Blencowe, E., Brandon, K., Brown, D., Burn, R.W., Cowlishaw, G. et al. (2007) Hunting for consensus: reconciling bushmeat harvest, conservation, and development policy in west and central Africa. Conservation Biology, 21, 884887.
Cartmill, M. (1996) A View to a Death in the Morning: Hunting and Nature through History. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, USA.
Chacon, R.J. (2012) Conservation or resource maximization? Analyzing subsistence hunting among the Achuar (Shiwiar) of Ecuador. In The Ethics of Anthropology and Amerindian Research (eds Chacon, R.J. & Mendoza, R.G.), pp. 311360. Springer, New York, USA.
Fa, J.E., Currie, D. & Meeuwig, J. (2003) Bushmeat and food security in the Congo basin: linkages between wildlife and people's future. Environmental Conservation, 30, 7178.
Foerster, S., Wilkie, D., Morelli, G., Demmer, J., Starkey, M., Telfer, P. et al. (2011) Determinants of bushmeat consumption among rural households in Gabon, central Africa. Conservation Biology, 26, 335344.
Fragoso (2004) A long-term study of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) population fluctuation in northern Amazonia. In People in Nature, Wildlife Conservation in South and Central America (eds Silvius, K., Bodmer, R.E. & Fragoso, J.M.V.), pp. 286296. Columbia University Press, New York, USA.
Godoy, R., Undurraga, E.A., Wilkie, D., Reyes-Garcia, V., Huanca, T., Leonard, W.R. et al. (2010) The effect of wealth and real income on wildlife consumption among native Amazonians in Bolivia: estimates of annual trends with longitudinal household data (2002–2006). Animal Conservation, 13, 265274.
Hames, R.B. & Vickers, W.T. (1982) Optimal foraging theory as a model to explain variability in Amazonian hunting. American Ethnologist, 9, 358378.
Hawkes, K., Hill, K. & O'Connell, J.F. (1982) Why hunters gather: optimal foraging and the ache of eastern Paraguay. American Ethnologist, 9, 379398.
Hill, K., Kaplan, H., Hawkes, K. & Hurtado, A.M. (1987) Foraging decisions among ache hunter-gatherers: new data and implications for optimal foraging models. Ethology and Sociobiology, 8, 136.
Koster, J., Hodgen, J., Venegas, M. & Copeland, T. (2010) Is meat flavor a factor in hunters’ prey choice decisions? Human Nature, 21, 219242.
Levi, T., Lu, F., Yu, D.W. & Mangel, M. (2011) The behaviour and diet breadth of central-place foragers: an application to human hunters and Neotropical game management. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 13, 171185.
Narváez, R. (2011) Estudio poblacional y de Movilidad del pueblo Originario Kichwa de Sarayaku. Fundación Pachamama, Quito, Ecuador.
Ohl-Schacherer, J., Shepard, G.H., Kaplan, H., Peres, C.A., Levi, T. & Yu, D.W. (2007) The sustainability of subsistence hunting by Matsigenka native communities in Manu National Park, Peru. Conservation Biology, 21, 11741185.
Salo, M., Sirén, A.H. & Kalliola, R. (2013) Diagnosing Wild Species Harvest: Resource Use and Conservation. Academic Press. London, UK.
Sirén, A.H. (2004) Changing Interactions between Humans and Nature in Sarayaku, Ecuadorian Amazon. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae Sueciae, Agraria 447, Uppsala, Sweden.
Sirén, A.H. (2007) Population growth and land use intensification in a subsistence-based indigenous community in the Amazon. Human Ecology, 35, 669680.
Sirén, A.H. (2012) Festival hunting by the Kichwa people in the Ecuadorean Amazon. Journal of Ethnobiology, 32, 3050.
Sirén, A.H., Cardenas, J.C. & Machoa, J.D. (2006) The relation between income and hunting in tropical forests: an economic experiment in the field. Ecology and Society, 11(1), 44.
Sirén, A.H. & Machoa, J. (2008) Fish, wildlife, and human nutrition in tropical forests: A fat gap? Interciencia, 33, 186193.
Stephens, D.W. & Krebs, J.R. (1986) Foraging Theory. Princeton University Press, Princeton, USA.
Wilkie, D.S., Starkey, M., Abernethy, K., Effa Nsame, E., Telfer, P. & Godoy, R. (2005) Role of prices and wealth in consumer demand for bushmeat in Gabon, central Africa. Conservation Biology, 19, 17.
Winterhalder, B. (1987) The analysis of hunter-gatherer diets: stalking an optimal foraging model. In Food and Evolution: Toward a Theory of Human Food Habits (eds Harris, M. & Ross, E.B.), pp. 311340. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, USA.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Oryx
  • ISSN: 0030-6053
  • EISSN: 1365-3008
  • URL: /core/journals/oryx
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed