Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Change in demographic patterns of the Doñana Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus: management implications and conservation perspectives

  • Marcos López-Parra (a1), Leonardo Fernández (a1), Gema Ruiz (a1), José Maria Gil-Sánchez (a1), Miguel Angel Simón (a2), Guillermo López (a1) and Pedro Sarmento (a3)...

Abstract

Over the last 20 years surveys of the population of the Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus in Doñana National Park and its surroundings in Spain have produced estimates of a total population of 50–60 in fragmented patches. The population was estimated to be 26 adults in 2002–2003. Use of camera trapping and other field methods during 2004–2008 allowed us to determine the abundance of the lynx and to estimate demographic statistics. Estimated annual abundance of adult and subadult lynxes averaged 38 individuals (range 35–43). Although the population exhibited a continuous distribution it was concentrated in three major areas, including Doñana National Park, with an average area occupied of 620 km2. Our results suggest that the Doñana Iberian lynx population now has a different structure from that in the 1990s and in particular a more continuous spatial distribution. These results indicate an improved, but not secure, scenario for the population. The continuous geographical distribution suggests the population is currently less vulnerable to extinction than 10 years ago. Conservation actions now need to focus outside Doñana National Park on the reconversion of pine plantations into original Mediterranean scrubland habitat, and the continuity and intensification of ongoing restocking with rabbits in fenced areas.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Change in demographic patterns of the Doñana Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus: management implications and conservation perspectives
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Change in demographic patterns of the Doñana Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus: management implications and conservation perspectives
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Change in demographic patterns of the Doñana Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus: management implications and conservation perspectives
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

(Corresponding author) E-mail sarmentop@gmail.com

References

Hide All
Akaike, H. (1973) Information theory and an extension of the maximum likelihood principle. In International Symposium on Information Theory (eds Petran, B.N. & Csaki, F.), pp. 267281. Akademiai Kiadi, Budapest, Hungary.
Balme, G.A., Hunter, L.T.B. & Slotow, R. (2009) Evaluating methods for counting cryptic carnivores. Journal of Wildlife Management, 73, 433441.
Caughley, G. (1977) Analysis of Vertebrate Populations. John Wiley and Sons, New York, USA.
Delibes, M., Rodríguez, A. & Ferreras, P. (2000) Action Plan for the Conservation of the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) in Europe. Council of Europe Publishing, Nature and Environment, Strasbourg, France.
Fernández, N., Delibes, M., Palomares, F. & Mladenoff, D.J. (2003) Identifying breeding habitat for the Iberian lynx: interferences from a fine-scale spatial analysis. Ecological Applications, 13, 13101324.
Fernández-Delgado, C. (1997) Conservation management of a European Natural Area: Doñana National Park, Spain. In Principles of Conservation Biology. 2nd ed. (eds Meffe, G.K. & Carroll, C.R.), pp. 458467. Sinauer, Sunderland, USA.
Ferreras, P., Aldama, J.J., Beltrán, J.F. & Delibes, M. (1992) Rates and causes of mortality in a fragmented population of Iberian lynx Felis pardina Temminck, 1824. Biological Conservation, 61, 197202.
Ferreras, P., Beltrán, J.F., Aldama, J.J. & Delibes, M. (1997) Spatial organization and land tenure system in the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus Temminck, 1824). Journal of Zoology, 243, 163189.
Ferreras, P., Delibes, M., Palomares, F., Fedriani, J.M., Calzada, J. & Revilla, E. (2004) Proximate and ultimate causes of dispersal in the Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus . Behavioral Ecology, 15, 3140.
Ferreras, P., Gaona, P., Palomares, F. & Delibes, M. (2001) Increase numbers or reduce mortality/ Implications from a population viability analysis of the Iberian lynx. Animal Conservation, 4, 265274.
Gaona, P., Ferreras, P. & Delibes, M. (1998) Dynamics and viability of a metapopulation of the endangered Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus). Ecological Monographs, 68, 349370.
Garrote, G., Ayala, R.P., Pereira, P., Robles, F., Guzmán, N., García, F. et al. (2010) Estimation of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) population in the Doñana area, SW Spain, using capture–recapture analysis of camera-trapping data. European Journal of Wildlife Research, 57, 355–352.
Guzmán, J.N., García, F., Garrote, G., Ayala, R. & Iglesias, C. (2005) El lince ibérico (Lynx pardinus) en España y Portugal. Dirección General para la Biodiversidad, Madrid, Spain.
Hanski, I. (1999) Metapopulation Ecology. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
Jackson, R., Roe, M.J., Wangchuk, R. & Hunter, D. (2005) Surveying Snow Leopard Populations with Emphasis on Camera Trapping: A Handbook. The Snow Leopard Conservancy, Sonoma, USA.
Karanth, K.U. & Nichols, J.D. (1998) Estimation of tiger densities in India using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology, 79, 28522862.
Kendall, W.L. & Bjorkland, R. (2001) Using open robust design models to estimate temporary emigration from capture-recapture data. Biometrics, 57, 11131122.
López, G., López-Parra, M., Fernández, L., Martínez-Granados, C., Martínez, F., Meli, M. et al. (2009) Management measures to control a feline leukaemia virus outbreak in the endangered Iberian lynx. Animal Conservation, 12, 173182.
López-Bao, J.V., Palomares, F., Rodríguez, A. & Delibes, M. (2010) Effects of food supplementation on home-range size, reproductive success, productivity and recruitment in a small population of Iberian lynx. Animal Conservation, 13, 3542.
Moreno, S. & Villafuerte, R. (1995) Traditional management of scrubland for the conservation of rabbits Oryctolagus cuniculus and their predators in Doñana National Park, Spain. Biological Conservation, 73, 8185.
Moreno, S., Villafuerte, R., Cabezas, S. & Lombardi, L. (2004) Wild rabbit restocking for predator conservation in Spain. Biological Conservation, 118, 183193.
Palomares, F., Delibes, M., Ferreras, P., Fedriani, J.M., Calzada, J. & Revilla, E. (2000) Iberian lynx in a fragmented landscape: predispersal, dispersal and postdispersal habitats. Conservation Biology, 14, 809818.
Palomares, F., Delibes, M., Revilla, E., Calzada, J. & Fedriani, J.M. (2001) Spatial ecology of Iberian lynx and abundance of European rabbits in southwestern Spain. Wildlife Monographs, 148, 136.
Palomares, F., Revilla, E., Calzada, J., Fernández, N. & Delibes, M. (2005) Reproduction and pre-dispersal survival of Iberian lynx in a subpopulation of the Doñana National Park. Biological Conservation, 122, 5359.
Palomares, F., Rodríguez, A., Laffite, R. & Delibes, M. (1991) The status and distribution of the Iberian lynx (Felis pardina Temminck) in Coto Doñana area, SW Spain. Biological Conservation, 57, 159169.
Ruiz, G. (2008) Genetic restocking of Iberian lynx Doñana population. In Proceedings of the III Iberian Lynx Conservation Seminar. Junta Autonoma de Andalucía, 12–14 December 2008, Huelva, Spain. (eds de Andalucía, Junta & IUCN/Cat Specialist Group), pp. 6164. Junta Autonoma de Andalucía, Huelva, Spain.
Sarmento, P., Cruz, J., Eira, C. & Fonseca, C. (2009) Evaluation of camera trapping for estimating red fox abundance. Journal of Wildlife Management, 73, 12071212.
Schwarz, C.J. & Arnason, A.N. (1996) A general methodology for the analysis of capture-recapture experiments in open populations. Biometrics, 52, 860873.
Silveira, L., Jácomo, A.T.A. & Diniz-Filho, J.A.F. (2003) Camera trap, line transect census and track surveys: a comparative evaluation. Biological Conservation, 114, 351355.
Simón, M.A. (2008) Current status of Iberian lynx in Andalucía. In Proceedings of the III Iberian Lynx Conservation Seminar. Junta Autonoma de Andalucía, 12–14 December 2008, Huelva, Spain. (eds de Andalucía, Junta & IUCN/Cat Specialist Group), pp. 511. Junta Autonoma de Andalucía, Huelva, Spain.
Van Dyke, F. (2008) Conservation Biology: Foundations, Concepts, Applications. 2nd ed. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Von Arx, M. & Breitenmoser-Wursten, C. (2008) Lynx pardinus. In IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. v. 2011.2. Http://www.iucnredlist.org [accessed 11 February 2012].
White, G.C. & Burnham, K.P. (1999) Program MARK: survival estimation from populations of marked animals. Bird Study, 46, 120138.

Keywords

Change in demographic patterns of the Doñana Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus: management implications and conservation perspectives

  • Marcos López-Parra (a1), Leonardo Fernández (a1), Gema Ruiz (a1), José Maria Gil-Sánchez (a1), Miguel Angel Simón (a2), Guillermo López (a1) and Pedro Sarmento (a3)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed