Ambrose, R.F. (2000) Wetland mitigation in the United States: assessing the success of mitigation policies. Wetlands (Australia), 19, 1–27.
BBOP (Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme) (2009a) Business, Biodiversity Offsets and BBOP: An Overview. Forest Trends, Washington, DC, USA.
BBOP (Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme) (2009b) Compensatory Conservation Case Studies. Forest Trends, Washington, DC, USA.
BBOP (Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme) (2012) Biodiversity Offsets: Principles, Criteria and Indicators. Forest Trends, Washington, DC, USA.
Bekessy, S., Wintle, B., Lindenmayer, D.B., McCarthy, M., Colyvan, M. & Burgman, M. (2010) The biodiversity bank cannot be a lending bank. Conservation Letters, 3, 151–158.
Brown, P.H. & Lant, C.L. (1999) The effect of wetland mitigation banking on the achievement of no-net-loss. Environmental Management, 23, 333–345.
Bruggeman, D.J., Jones, M.L., Lupi, F. & Scribner, K.T. (2005) Landscape Equivalency Analysis: methodology for estimating spatially explicit biodiversity credits. Environmental Management, 36, 518–534.
Bruggeman, D.J., Jones, M.L., Scribner, K.T. & Lupi, F. (2009) Relating tradable credits for biodiversity to sustainability criteria in a dynamic landscape. Landscape Ecology, 24, 775–790.
Bull, J.W., Suttle, K.B., Singh, N.J. & Milner-Gulland, E.J. (in press) Conservation when nothing stands still: moving targets and biodiversity offsets. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
Burgin, S. (2008) BioBanking: an environmental scientist's view of the role of biodiversity banking offsets in conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17, 807–816.
Burrows, L., Butcher, B. & Treweek, J. (2011) Offsets for species in the UK planning context: a possible methodology. In Practice, 71, 41–43.
Cadotte, M.W., Carscadden, K. & Mirotchnick, N. (2011) Beyond species: functional diversity and the maintenance of ecological processes and services. Journal of Applied Ecology, 48, 1079–1087.
Carroll, N., Fox, J. & Bayon, R. (2008) Conservation and Biodiversity Banking: A Guide to Setting Up and Running Biodiversity Credit Trading Systems. Earthscan, London, UK.
CBD (Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity) (2010) Global Biodiversity Outlook 3. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montréal, Canada.
Confer, S.R. & Niering, W. (1992) Comparison of created and natural freshwater emergent wetlands in Connecticut (USA). Wetlands Ecology and Management, 2, 143–156.
DEADP (Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning) (2007) Provincial Guideline on Biodiversity Offsets. Department of Environmental Affairs and Development Planning, Cape Town, South Africa.
DECCW (Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water) (2009) Overview of the Biodiversity Credit Market. Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water, Australia.
Defra (Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) (2011) Biodiversity Offsets: Guiding Principles for Biodiversity Offsetting. Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, UK.
Drechsler, M. & Hartig, F. (2011) Conserving biodiversity with tradable permits under changing conservation costs and habitat restoration time lags. Ecological Economics, 70, 533–541.
Drechsler, M. & Wätzold, F. (2009) Applying tradable permits to biodiversity conservation: effects of space-dependent conservation benefits and cost heterogeneity on habitat allocation. Ecological Economics, 68, 1083–1092.
DSE (Department of Sustainability and Environment) (2002) Victoria's Native Vegetation Management: A Framework for Action. Department of Sustainability and Environment, Melbourne, Australia.
Duncan, R. & Hay, P. (2007) A question of balance in Integrated Impact Assessment: negotiating away the environmental interest in Australia's Basslink Project. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 9, 273–297.
Dunford, R.W., Ginn, T.C. & Desvousges, W.H. (2004) The use of habitat equivalency analysis in natural resource damage assessments. Ecological Economics, 48, 49–70.
Environmental Law Institute (2002) Banks and Fees: the Status of Off-site Wetlands Mitigation in the United States. Environmental Law Institute, Washington, DC, USA.
Ferraro, P.J. & Pattanayak, S.K. (2006) Money for nothing? A call for empirical evaluation of biodiversity conservation investments. PLoS Biology, 4(4), e105.
Fox, J. & Nino-Murcia, A. (2005) Status of species conservation banking in the United States. Conservation Biology, 19, 996–1007.
Gibbons, P. (2010) The case for biodiversity offsets. Decision Point, 39, 2–3.
Gibbons, P. & Lindenmayer, D.B. (2007) Offsets for land clearing: no net loss or the tail wagging the dog? Ecological Management and Restoration, 8, 26–31.
Godden, D. & Vernon, D. (2003) Theoretical issues in using offsets for managing biodiversity. Annual Conference, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society. February 2003, Fremantle, Australia.
Gordon, A., Langford, W.T., Todd, J.A., White, M.D. & Mullerworth, D.W. (2011) Assessing the impacts of biodiversity offset policies. Environmental Modeling and Software, 144, 558–566.
Gorrod, E.J. & Keith, D.A. (2009) Observer variation in field assessments of vegetation condition: implications for biodiversity conservation. Ecological Management and Restoration, 10, 31–40.
Harper, D.J. & Quigly, J.T. (2005) No net loss of fish habitat: a review and analysis of habitat compensation in Canada. Environmental Management, 36, 343–355.
Hilderbrand, R.H., Watts, A.C. & Randle, A.M. (2005) The myths of restoration ecology. Ecology and Society, 10, 19.
Hirakuri, S.R. (2003) Can law save the forest? Lessons from Finland and Brazil. Centre for International Forestry Research, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Humphries, C.J., Williams, P.H. & Vane-Wright, R.I. (1995) Measuring biodiversity value for conservation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 26, 93–111.
Kiesecker, J.M., Copeland, H., Pocewicz, A., Nibbelink, N., McKenney, B., Dahlke, J. et al. (2009) A framework for implementing biodiversity offsets: selecting sites and determining scale. BioScience, 59, 77–84.
Kiesecker, J.M., Copeland, H., Pocewicz, A. & McKenney, B. (2010) Development by design: blending landscape level planning with the mitigation hierarchy. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 8, 261–266.
Kramer, L. (2009) The European Commission's Opinions under Article 6(4) of the Habitats Directive. Journal of Environmental Law, 21, 59–85.
Langford, W.T., Gordon, A. & Bastin, L. (2009) When do conservation planning methods deliver? Quantifying the consequences of uncertainty. Ecological Informatics, 4, 123–135.
Lipton, J., le Jeune, K., Calewaert, J.B. & Ozdemiroglu, E. (2008) Toolkit for Performing Resource Equivalency Analysis to Assess and Scale Environmental Damage in the European Union. REMEDE (Resource Equivalency Methods for Assessing Environmental Damage in the EU) toolkit. eftec, London, UK.
Lubchenco, J. (1997) Entering the century of the environment: a new social contract for science. Science, 279, 491–497.
Mack, J.J. & Micacchion, M. (2006) An Ecological Assessment of Ohio Mitigation Banks: Vegetation, Amphibians, Hydrology, and Soils. Technical Report no. WET/2006–1. Ohio Environmental Protection Agency, Columbus, USA.
Madsen, B., Carroll, N., Kandy, D. & Bennett, G. (2011) State of Biodiversity Markets Report: Offset and Compensation Programs Worldwide. Forest Trends, Washington, DC, USA.
Maron, M., Hobbs, R.J., Moilanen, A., Matthews, J.W., Christie, K., Gardner, T.A. et al. (2012) Faustian bargains? Restoration realities in the context of biodiversity offset policies. Biological Conservation, 155, 141–148.
Matthews, J.W. & Endress, A.G. (2008) Performance criteria, compliance success, and vegetation development in compensatory mitigation wetlands. Environmental Management, 41, 130–141.
McCarthy, M.A., Parris, K.M., van der Ree, R., McDonnell, M.J., Burgman, M.A., Williams, N.S.G. et al. (2004) The habitat hectares approach to vegetation assessment: an evaluation and suggestions for improvement. Ecological Management & Restoration, 5, 24–27.
McKenney, B. & Kiesecker, J.M. (2010) Policy development for biodiversity offsets: a review of offset frameworks. Environmental Management, 45, 165–76.
Mitsch, W.J. & Wilson, R.F. (1996) Improving the success of wetland creation and restoration with know-how, time, and self-design. Ecological Applications, 6, 77–83.
Moilanen, A., van Teeffelen, A.J.A., Ben-Haim, Y. & Ferrier, S. (2009) How much compensation is enough? A framework for incorporating uncertainty and time discounting when calculating offset ratios for impacted habitat. Restoration Ecology, 17, 470–478.
Moreno-Mateos, D., Power, M.E., Comin, F.A. & Yockteng, R. (2012) Structural and functional loss in restored wetland ecosystems. PLoS Biology, 10(1), e1001247.
Morris, R.K.A., Alonso, I., Jefferson, R.G. & Kirby, K.J. (2006) The creation of compensatory habitat—can it secure sustainable development? Journal for Nature Conservation, 14, 106–116.
Naidoo, R., Balmford, A., Costanza, R., Fisher, B., Green, R.E., Lehner, B. et al. (2008) Global mapping of ecosystem services and conservation priorities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA, 105, 9495–9500.
Nelson, E., Mendoza, G., Regetz, J., Polasky, S., Tallis, H., Cameron, D.R. et al. (2009) Modeling multiple ecosystem services, biodiversity conservation, commodity production, and tradeoffs at landscape scales. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 7, 4–11.
Norton, D. (2009) Biodiversity offsets: two New Zealand case studies and an assessment framework. Environmental Management, 43, 698–706.
Parker, C. & Cranford, M. (2010) The Little Biodiversity Finance Book. Global Canopy Programme, Oxford, UK.
Pouzols, F.M., Burgman, M.A. & Moilanen, A. (2012) Methods for allocation of habitat management, maintenance, restoration and offsetting, when conservation actions have uncertain consequences. Biological Conservation, 153, 41–50.
Purvis, A. & Hector, A. (2000) Getting the measure of biodiversity. Nature, 405, 212–219.
Quetier, F. & Lavorel, S. (2012) Assessing ecological equivalence in biodiversity offset schemes: key issues and solutions. Biological Conservation, 144, 2991–2999.
Quigley, J.T. & Harper, D.J. (2006a) Compliance with Canada's Fisheries Act: a field audit of habitat compensation projects. Environmental Management, 37, 336–350.
Quigley, J.T. & Harper, D.J. (2006b) Effectiveness of fish habitat compensation in Canada in achieving no net loss. Environmental Management, 37, 351–366.
Race, M.S. & Fonseca, M.S. (1996) Fixing compensatory mitigation: what will it take? Ecological Applications, 6, 94–101.
Regan, H.M., Colyvan, M. & Burgman, M. (2002) A taxonomy and treatment of uncertainty for ecology and conservation biology. Ecological Applications, 12, 618–628.
Rubec, C.D. & Hanson, A.R. (2008) Wetland mitigation and compensation: Canadian experience. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 17, 3–14.
Salzman, J. & Ruhl, J.B. (2000) Currencies and the commodification of environmental law. Stanford Law Review, 53, 607–694.
TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity) (2010) TEEB for local and regional policymakers report. Http://www.teebweb.org [accessed 13 July 2012].
Temple, H., Edmonds, B., Butcher, B. & Treweek, J. (2010) Biodiversity offsets: testing a possible method for measuring losses and gains at Bardon Hill Quarry, UK. In Practice, 70, 11–14.
ten Kate, K., Bishop, J. & Bayon, R. (2004) Biodiversity Offsets: Views, Experience, and the Business Case. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland, and Cambridge, UK, and Insight Investment, London, UK.
Treweek, J., Butcher, B. & Temple, H. (2010) Biodiversity offsets: possible methods for measuring biodiversity losses and gains for use in the UK. In Practice, 69, 29–32.
US EPA (US Environment Protection Agency) (2008) Compensatory mitigation for losses of aquatic resources. Federal Register, 73(70).
US NRC (United States National Research Council) (2001) Compensating for Wetland Losses under the Clean Water Act. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, USA.
Walker, S., Brower, A.L., Stephens, R.T. & Lee, W.G. (2009) Why bartering biodiversity fails. Conservation Letters, 2, 149–157.
Westerweller, T.H. & Price, J.J. (2006) Crossing the divide. Power Engineer, 20, 42–45.
Wilcox, C. & Donlan, C.J. (2007) Compensatory mitigation as a solution to fisheries bycatch–biodiversity conservation conflicts. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5, 325–331.
Wissel, S. & Wätzold, F. (2010) A conceptual analysis of the application of tradable permits to biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology 24, 404–411.