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Short-term polyamine response in TMV-inoculated hypersensitive and susceptible tobacco plants

  • A. L. RABITI (a1), L. BETTI (a1), C. BORTOLOTTI (a2), F. MARINI (a1), A. CANOVA (a1), N. BAGNI (a2) and P. TORRIGIANI (a2)...

Abstract

The short-term polyamine response to inoculation, with tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), of TMV-inoculated NN (hypersensitive) and nn (susceptible) plants of Nicotiana tabacum (L.) cv. Samsun was investigated. Free and conjugated polyamine concentrations, putrescine biosynthesis, evaluated through arginine decarboxylase (ADC) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activities, and putrescine oxidation, via diamine oxidase (DAO) activity, were analysed during the first 24 h from inoculation. Results were compared with those of mock-inoculated control plants. In NN TMV-inoculated plants undergoing the hypersensitive response (HR), free putrescine and spermidine concentrations had increased after 5 h compared with controls; polyamine conjugates also tended to increase compared with controls. In both virus- and mock-inoculated plants, ADC and ODC activities generally increased whereas DAO activity, which was present in controls, was detectable only in traces in inoculated tissues.

In TMV-infected susceptible plants, free putrescine and spermidine concentrations were lower at 5 h relative to controls, as were polyamine conjugates. No differences were revealed in ADC and ODC activities whereas DAO activity was not detectable. These results further support the hypothesis that polyamines are involved in the response of tobacco to TMV and that, only a few hours after inoculation, the response of hypersensitive plants is distinct from that of susceptible ones.

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To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: torrigia@alma.unibo.it

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Short-term polyamine response in TMV-inoculated hypersensitive and susceptible tobacco plants

  • A. L. RABITI (a1), L. BETTI (a1), C. BORTOLOTTI (a2), F. MARINI (a1), A. CANOVA (a1), N. BAGNI (a2) and P. TORRIGIANI (a2)...

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