Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Displaying Abroad: Architecture and Town Planning Exhibitions of Britain in Turkey in the Mid-1940s

  • Elvan Altan Ergut (a1)

Abstract

This paper focuses on two exhibitions of architecture and town planning held by Britain in Turkey in the mid-1940s. The use of these exhibitions for propaganda purposes, as well as their reception in the highly politicized context of World War II, requires the study to emphasize the political as well as the professional perspective of the contemporary architectural context. Analyzing why and how these exhibitions were held, and what they displayed as representative of British architecture and town planning, the paper discusses the characteristics of the contemporary discourses and practices of the profession with reference to the national dynamics of each country and their position in the international scene at the dawn of a new era in world history. The aim is to question the relations of power that are conventionally taken to define discursive and practical hierarchies of binary constructs, such as national/international or traditional/modern. Examining the case of the British exhibitions in Turkey, the paper emphasizes instead the necessity of a comparative analysis to evaluate the architectural products in-between or beyond dichotomies as produced in discrete yet interconnected contexts.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Akcan, Esra. Architecture in Translation: Germany, Turkey, and the Modern House. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.
Alsaç, Üstün. Türkiye’de Mimarlık Düşüncesinin Cumhuriyet Dönemindeki Evrimi. Trabzon: KTÜ Baskı Atelyesi, 1976.
Altan Ergut, Elvan. “The Exhibition House in Ankara: Building (up) the ‘National’ and the ‘Modern.’Journal of Architecture 16, no. 6 (2011): 855884.
Ayman Güler, Birgül, ed. Açıklamalı Yönetim Zamandizini 1940–1949. Ankara: Ankara Üniversitesi Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Kamu Yönetimi Araştırma ve Uygulama Merkezi 3; Türkiye Cumhuriyeti İdare Tarihi Araştırması (TİDATA), 2008.
Bennett, Tony. The Birth of the Museum. London and New York: Routledge, 1995.
Bozdoğan, Sibel. Modernism and Nation Building: Turkish Architectural Culture in the Early Republic. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2001.
Britanya Şehircilik Sergisi. Ankara: Milli Eğitim Basımevi, 1947.
“British Architecture in Turkey.” RIBA Journal (January 1947): 158.
Bryant, William D.Building Exhibition: A Short History of Its Development since 1880. London: N.p., 1947.
“Building Now: The RIBA Exhibition for 1946 Described.” RIBA Journal (April 1946), 224231.
Bullock, Nicholas. Building the Postwar World: Modern Architecture and Reconstruction in Britain. London and New York: Routledge, 2002.
Chitty, Anthony. “1900 ila 1947’de Büyük Britanya’da Şehircilik.Arkitekt 3-4 (1947): 8891, 100.
Chitty, Anthony. “Mesken İnşaatı.Arkitekt 5-6 (1947): 131134.
Chitty, Anthony. “İnşa TekniğArkitekt 7-8 (1947): 188191.
Cohen, Jean-Louis. Architecture in Uniform. Designing and Building for the Second World War. Paris: Editions Hazan, 2011.
Davies, Veronica. “A Comparative Study of State Art Policies, Institutional Practices and Exhibition Organisation in Britain and Germany c.1945–51.” PhD Dissertation, University of East London, 2005.
Davies, Veronica. “‘Steering a Progressive Course’? Exhibitions in Wartime and Postwar Britain.” 5 December 2008, Henry Moore Institute Online Papers and Proceedings, http://www.henry-moore.org/docs/file_1374591327512.pdf.
Denktaş, Adil. “Milli Mimari Anketine Cevap.” Mimarlık 2 (1944): 3.
Doğu, Nizamettin. “İngiliz Mimarlık Sergisi.Mimarlık 4 (1944): 20.
Doğu, Nizamettin. “Nasıl Bir Ev Yaptırsam?Mimarlık 4 (1948): 35.
Donaldson, Frances Lonsdale. British Council: First Fifty Years. London: Jonathan Cape, 1984.
Ellison, Grace M.Bir İngiliz Kadını Gözüyle Kuva-i Milliye Ankarası. İstanbul: Milliyet Yayınları, 1973.
Emre, Gültekin. “Nazi Mimarisi Sergisi.” Tarih ve Toplum 76 (1990): 2022.
“Exhibition in Turkey.” The Architect and Building (January 10, 1947): 28.
Fraser, Murray and Kerr, Joe. Architecture and the Special Relationship: The American Influence on Postwar British Architecture. London and New York: Routledge, 2007.
Greenberg, Reesa, Ferguson, Bruce W. and Nairne, Sandy, eds. Thinking about Exhibitions. London and New York: Routledge, 1996.
“Haberler.” Arkitekt 1-2 (1947): 54.
İngiliz Mimarlık Sergisi. Ankara: Alaeddin Kıral Basımevi, 1944.
“İngiliz Mimari Sergisi.” Arkitekt 05-06 (1944): 143.
“İstanbul’da Açılan İngiliz Mimarlık Sergisi Münasebetiyle.” Mimarlık 11-12 (1944): 260261.
“İngiliz Mimarlık Sergisi dolayısile İngiliz Mimarisi.” Türk Yüksek Mühendisler Birliği Dergisi 49 (1944): 8.
Kallmann, S. “The Wartime Exhibition.” Architectural Review (October 1943), 95106.
Karp, Ivan and Lavine, Steven D., eds. Exhibiting Cultures, the Poetics and Politics of Museum Display. Washington DC: Smithsonian, 1991.
Knell, Simon J., et al. eds. National Museums: New Studies from around the World. London and New York: Routledge, 2011.
Kömürcüoğlu, Asım. “Dünya Mimarisinde İnkılap ve Memleketimiz.” Yapı 17 (1942): 6.
Lu, Duanfang. “Introduction: Architecture, Modernity and Identity in the Third World.” in Third World Modernism: Architecture, Development and Identity, edited by Lu, Duanfang, 128. London and New York: Routledge, 2011.
Maguire, Patrick J. and Woodham, Jonathan M., eds. Design and Cultural Politics in Postwar Britain: “The Britain Can Make It” of 1946. Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1997.
Minihan, Janet. The Nationalization of Culture: The Development of State Subsidies to the Arts in Great Britain. New York: New York University Press, 1977.
Mortaş, Abidin. “Yeni Alman Mimarisi Sergisi.Arkitekt 3-4 (1943): 6770.
Nadi, Yunus. “Anıtkabir Müsabakası Üzerine.” Yapı 11 (1942): 11.
Nasır, Ayşe. “Türk Mimarlığında Yabancı Mimarlar.” PhD Dissertation, İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi, 1991.
Ockman, Joan. “Introduction.” in Architecture Culture 1943–1968, edited by Ockman, Joan, 1324. New York: Rizzoli, 1993.
Pearson, Nicholas M.The State and the Visual Arts: A Discussion of State Intervention in the Visual Arts in Britain, 1760–1981. Milton Keynes: The Open University Press, 1982.
Powers, Alan. Britain: Modern Architectures in History. London: Reaktion Books, 2007.
“Replanning Britain Exhibition.” RIBA Journal 55 (1947): 28.
“Replanning of Britain. Exhibition in Stockholm of British Town Planning.” RIBA Journal (June 1946): 352.
Sayar, Zeki. “Nafıa Sergisi Münasebetiyle.” Arkitekt 3-4 (1944): 51, 70.
Sert, Jose Luis, Leger, Fernand, and Giedion, Sigfried. “Nine Points on Monumentality.” in Architecture Culture, 1943–1968: A Documentary Anthology, edited by Ockman, Joan, 2730. New York: Rizzoli, 1993.
Sinclair, Andrew. Arts and Cultures: The History of the 50 Years of the Arts Council of Great Britain. London: Sinclair Stevenson, 1995.
Staniszewski, Mary Anne. The Power of Display: A History of Exhibition Installations at the Museum of Modern Art. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1998.
Taylor, Brandon. Art for the Nation: Exhibitions and the London Public, 1747–2001. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999.
Taylor, Philip M.The Projection of Britain: British Overseas Publicity and Propaganda 1919–1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
Tekeli, İlhan. Dış Siyaseti ve Askeri Stratejileriyle İkinci Dünya Savaşı Türkiye’si. İstanbul: İletişim, 2013.
Turner, Barry. Beacon for Change: How the 1951 Festival of Britain Helped to Shape a New Age. London: Aurum Press, 2011.
Watkin, David. English Architecture: A Concise History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1979.
“The Work of the RIBA: Exhibitions.” RIBA Journal (October 1948): 531.
Zelef, M. Haluk. “Building, Constructing, and Exhibiting in Turkey: The Republican Public Works Exhibition.” Docomomo Journal, Special Issue: “Modern Architecture in the Middle East,” edited by Ergut, Elvan Altan and Özkaya, Belgin Turan, 35 (2006): 5461.
Zevi, Bruno. “From Towards an Organic Architecture.” in Architectural Theory, volume II of An Anthology from 1871–2005, edited by Mallgrave, Harry Francis and Contandriopoulos, Christina. London: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Displaying Abroad: Architecture and Town Planning Exhibitions of Britain in Turkey in the Mid-1940s

  • Elvan Altan Ergut (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.