Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

A spatial multi-scale object to analyze road networks

  • C. LAGESSE (a1), P. BORDIN (a2) (a3) and S. DOUADY (a4)

Abstract

City road networks have been extensively studied for their social significance or to quantify their connections and centralities, but often their geographical origin is forgotten. This work focuses on the spatial-geographical and geometrical aspects of the road network skeleton. Following previous work, a multi-scale object, the way, is constructed, based only on the local geometry at road crossings. The best method to reconstruct significant elements is investigated. The results show that this object is geographically meaningful, with many particular characteristics. A new indicator, structurality, is introduced and compared with previous indicators, on the cities of Paris and Avignon. Structurality appears to be stable over the borders of the map sample, and is able to reveal the underlying coherence of the road network. This stability can be interpreted as coming from the particular way the network developed in time, and was later preserved. This link with the historical development of the cites, which deserves to be further studied, is exemplified in the cases of Villers-sur-Mer (France) and Manaus (Brazil). The construction method, the results, and their potential meaning are discussed in detail so that they can be used in various related disciplines, such as sociology, town planning, geomatics, and physics.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Albert, R., & Barabási, A.-L. (2002). Statistical mechanics of complex networks. Reviews of Modern Physics, 74, 4797.
Banos, A., & Thévenin, T. (Eds.) (2013). Geographical information and urban transport systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Barthelemy, M. (2011). Spatial networks. Physics Reports, 499, 1101.
Barthelemy, M., Bordin, P., Berestycki, H., & Gribaudi, M. (2013). Self-organization versus top-down planning in the evolution of a city. Scientific Reports 3, 2153.
Boccaletti, S., Latora, V., Moreno, Y., Chavez, M., & Hwang, D.-U. (2006). Complex networks: Structure and dynamics. Physics Reports-review Section of Physics Letters, 424, 175308.
Bohn, S., Andreotti, B., Douady, S., Munzinger, J., & Couder, Y. (2002). Constitutive property of the local organization of leaf venation networks. Physical Review E, 65, 061914.
Bohn, S., Douady, S., & Couder, Y. (2005a). Four sided domains in hierarchical space dividing patterns. Physical Review Letters, 94, 054503.
Bohn, S., Pauchard, L., & Couder, Y. (2005b). Hierarchical crack pattern as formed by successive domain divisions. Physical Review E, 71, 046214.
Bordin, P. (2006). Méthode d'observation multi-niveaux pour le suivi de phénomènes géographiques avec un sig. Ph.D. thesis, Université de Marne-la-Vallée.
Buhl, J., Gautrais, J., Reeves, N., Solé, R. V., Valverde, R. V., Kuntz, P., & Theraulaz, G. (2006). Topological patterns in street networks of self-organized urban settlements. European Physical Journal B, 49, 513522.
Cardillo, A., Scellato, S., Latora, V., & Porta, S. (2006). Structural properties of planar graphs of urban street patterns. Physical Review E, 73, 066107.
Courtat, T. (2012). Walk on city maps. Physical and mathematical phenomenology of the city - A geometrical approach. Ph.D. thesis.
Courtat, T., Gloaguen, C., & Douady, S. (2011). Mathematics and morphogenesis of cities: A geometrical approach. Physical Review E, 83, 036106.
Crucitti, P., Latora, V., & Porta, S. (2006). Centrality measures in spatial networks of urban streets. Physical Review E, 73, 036125.
Freeman, L. C. (1977). A set of measures of centrality based on betweenness. Sociometry, 40, 3541.
Genre-Grandpierre, C. (2001). La structure topologique et fonctionnelle des réseaux routiers urbains comme déterminant de la géographie des flux de déplacements. colloque Géopoint L'explication en géographie, May 2000, Avignon, France. pp. 6067.
Genre-Grandpierre, C., & Banos, A. (2010). New types of metrics for urban road networks explored with S3: an agent-based simulation platform. volume 325, Bai, Q., & Fukuta, N. pp. 267286. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.
Genre-Grandpierre, C., & Foltête, J.-C. (2003). Morphologie urbaine et mobilité en marche à pied. Cybergeo: Revue européenne de géographie / European Journal of Geography, 248, 122.
Hamaina, R., Leduc, T., & Moreau, G. (2012). Caractérisation des tissus urbains à partir de l'analyse structurelle des réseaux viaires. Cybergeo: European Journal of Geography, 581. doi: 10.4000/cybergeo.25009.
Hillier, B. (2006). Studying Cities to learn about minds; How geometric intuitions shape urban space and make it work. In Hölscher, Conroy Dalton, Turner (Eds.), Space syntax and spatial cognition (pp. 11–31).
Hillier, B., Penn, A., Hanson, J., Grajewski, T., & Xu, J. (1993). Natural movement or, configuration and attraction in urban pedestrian movement. Environment and Planning B - Planning & Design, 20, 2966.
Huard, M. (2013). Atlas Historique de Paris. Retrieved from http://paris-atlas-historique.fr.
Jiang, B., & Claramunt, C. (2004). Topological analysis of urban street networks. Environment and Planning B - Planning & Design, 31, 151162.
Lee, S. H., & Holme, P. (2012). Exploring maps with greedy navigators. Physical Review Letters.
O'Sullivan, D. (2014). Spatial network analysis. In Fischer, M. M., & Nijkamp, P. (Eds.), Handbook of regional science. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer.
Pailhous, J. (1970). Représentation de l'espace urbain et cheminements : l'exemple du chauffeur de taxi. Presses Universitaires de France.
Perna, A., Kuntz, P., & Douady, S. (2011). Characterization of spatial networklike patterns from junction geometry. Physical Review E, 83, 066106.
Porta, S., Crucitti, P., & Latora, V. (2006). The network analysis of urban streets: A dual approach. Physical A - Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 369, 853866.
Rouleau, B. (1988). Le tracé des rues de Paris :Formation, Typologie, Fonctions. Paris: Editions du centre national de la recherche scientifique. ISBN 2-87682-009-9.
Scellato, S., Cardillo, A., Latora, V., & Porta, S. (2006). The backbone of a city. European Physical Journal B, 50, 221225.
Strano, E., Nicosia, V., Latora, V., Porta, S., & Barthelemy, M. (2012). Elementary processes governing the evolution of road networks. Scientific Reports, 2, 296.
Watteaux, M. (2003). Le plan radio-quadrillé des terroirs non planifiés. Études Rurales, 3, 187214.
Watteaux, M. (2009). La dynamique de la planimétrie et des réseaux routiers en Vendée méridionale. Études historiographiques et recherches archéogéographiques. Ph.D. thesis, Paris, Université de Paris I – Panthéon-Sorbonne.
Watteaux, M. (2012). Archéogéographie des réseaux viaires sud-vendéens : une lecture multiscalaire et diachronique du paysage routier. D. Menjot.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Network Science
  • ISSN: 2050-1242
  • EISSN: 2050-1250
  • URL: /core/journals/network-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed