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Rock and palaeomagnetic evidence for the Plio-Pleistocene palaeoclimatic change recorded in Upper Rhine Graben sediments (Core Ludwigshafen-Parkinsel)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 April 2016

C. Rolf
Affiliation:
Leibniz Institute for Applied Geosciences (GGA), Stilleweg 2, 30655 Hannover, Germany.
U. Hambach
Affiliation:
University of Bayreuth, Geosciences, Chair of Geomorphology, 94450 Bayreuth, Germany.
M. Weidenfeller
Affiliation:
Landesamt für Geologie und Bergbau Rheinland-Pfalz, Emy-Roeder-Str. 5, 55129 Mainz, Germany.
Corresponding
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Abstract

This paper summarizes results of magnetostratigraphic and rock magnetic investigations performed on fluvial sediments from the Ludwigshafen-Parkinsel drilling project (Upper Rhine Graben (URG) Germany). The drilling penetrated into Pleistocene gravel, sand, silt and clay, and unconsolidated Pliocene deposits. Its primary objective was the exploration of groundwater resources in the area of Ludwigshafen. Our rock magnetic investigations together with results of heavy mineral analyses (see Hagedorn & Boenigk, 2008) show a clearly structured sediment profile. It was possible to identify the change from mainly locally controlled sedimentation from the Graben margins to a more distinct Alpine controlled sedimentation at a depth of 177 m by magnetic data. Based on lithostratigraphic correlation with other sedimentary records from the URG and also based on palynological evidence, this event happened at the end of Late Pliocene during a time of normal polarity of the Earth's magnetic field (Gauss Chron?). The well-documented characteristic change in magneto-mineralogy from goethite to greigite almost at the same stratigraphic level, we interpret solely as a climatic signal which can be correlated with the global climate change at ∼2.5 Ma that is well documented in a wide range of sedimentary environments (e.g. deep-sea sediments, loess).

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Stichting Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 2008

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Rock and palaeomagnetic evidence for the Plio-Pleistocene palaeoclimatic change recorded in Upper Rhine Graben sediments (Core Ludwigshafen-Parkinsel)
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