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New prospects in geomorphological and geological mapping of the Rhine-Meuse Delta - Application of detailed digital elevation maps based on laser altimetry

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 April 2016

H.J.A. Berendsen
Affiliation:
The Netherlands Centre for Geo-Ecological Research (ICG), Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, the Netherlands
K.P. Volleberg
Affiliation:
The Netherlands Centre for Geo-Ecological Research (ICG), Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, PO Box 80115, 3508 TC Utrecht, the Netherlands
Corresponding
E-mail address:
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Abstract

Over the past 80 years, the Rhine-Meuse delta has been mapped extensively by drilling boreholes. These maps are compared with a new detailed digital elevation map of the Netherlands (AHN) that became available in 2004 and is based on very accurate, (sub-decimeter) laser-altimetry data. Examples show, that existing maps can be significantly improved. However, field checks remain a necessity. Therefore, the AHN-data need to be confronted with existing borehole descriptions using a GIS. Geomorphological analysis and geological interpretation of surface elevation patterns now enable us to map larger areas, in greater detail, with greater accuracy, and much faster. It is argued that detailed (≥1 : 50,000) geological mapping of the Netherlands should be resumed, combining the databases of Utrecht University, the National Geological Survey and Alterra.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Stichting Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 2007

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