Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Late Quaternary tectonic evolution and postseismic near surface fault displacements along the Geleen Fault (Feldbiss Fault Zone–Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands), based on trenching

  • R.F. Houtgast (a1), R.T. van Balen (a1), C. Kasse (a1) and J. Vandenberghe (a1)

Abstract

In northwest Europe the pattern of earthquake distribution is correlated with known Quaternary faults. Excavation of fault scarps revealed that these fault zones have been active during the Late Pleistocene. In this paper we present the results of an exploratory trenching study across the Geleen Fault, part of the Feldbiss Fault Zone, the Netherlands. Middle Saalian fluvial deposits of the Meuse, overlain by local slope deposits, were excavated. The Geleen Fault has displaced the fluvial deposits by at least 5 meters. The upper layers of local slope deposits could be correlated across the fault and were all dated at approximately 15 ka B.P. This gives the opportunity to reconstruct the sequence of events that occurred about 15 ka ago. Liquefactions provide evidence for an earthquake event. However, the main offset along the Geleen Fault is not stratigraphically related to the liquefactions. The liquefactions and the fault offset are stratigraphically separated by a period of erosion. We therefore propose a sequence of events starting with an earthquake accompanied by liquefaction, followed by a period of postseismic displacement with high rates compared to the long-term average. After this period normal displacement rates occurred, comparable to the long-term average. The duration of the period of high displacement rates could not be determined.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Late Quaternary tectonic evolution and postseismic near surface fault displacements along the Geleen Fault (Feldbiss Fault Zone–Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands), based on trenching
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Late Quaternary tectonic evolution and postseismic near surface fault displacements along the Geleen Fault (Feldbiss Fault Zone–Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands), based on trenching
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Late Quaternary tectonic evolution and postseismic near surface fault displacements along the Geleen Fault (Feldbiss Fault Zone–Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands), based on trenching
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

1 R.F. Houtgast: corresponding author

References

Hide All
Ahorner, L., 1962. Untersuchungen zur Quartären Bruchtektonik der Niederrheinischen Bucht. Eiszeitalter und Gegenwart 13: 24–105.
Camelbeeck, T., van Eck, T., Pelzing, R., Ahorner, L., Loohuis, J., Haak, H.W., Hoang-Trong, P. & Hollnack, D., 1994. The 1992 Roermond earthquake, the Netherlands, and its aftershocks. Geologie en Mijnbouw 73: 181–197.
Camelbeeck, T. & Meghraoui, M., 1996. Large earthquakes in Northern Europe, more likely than once thought. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union 77: 405–409.
Camelbeeck, T. & Meghraoui, M., 1998. Geological and geophysical evidence for large palaeo-earthquakes with surface faulting in the Roer Graben (Northwest Europe). Geophysical Journal International 132: 347–362.
Camelbeeck, T., Alexandre, P., Vanneste, K. & Meghraoui, M., 2000. Long-term seismicity in regions of present day low seismic activity: the example of western Europe. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering 20: 405–414.
Camelbeeck, T., Martin, H., Vanneste, K., Verbeeck, K. & Meghraoui, M., 2001. Morphometric analysis of active normal faulting in slow-deformation areas; examples of the Lower Rhine Embayment. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences / Geologie en Mijnbouw 80: 95–107.
Commission of the European Communities (ed) 2000. Evaluation of the potential for large earthquakes in regions of present day low seismic activity in Europe. Final report no. ENV4-CT97-0578. Directorate-General XII for Science, research and development (Brussels): 135 pp.
Cowan, D.S., 1999. Do faults preserve a record of seismic slip? A field geologist’s opinion. Journal of Structural Geology 21: 995–1001.
Davenport, C.A., Lap, J.M.J., Maurenbrecher, P.M. & Price, D.G., 1994. Liquefaction potential and dewatering injection features at Herkenbosch: Field investigations of the effects of the Roermond earthquake, the Netherlands. Geologie en Mijnbouw 73: 365–374.
Felder, W.M., Bosch, P.W. & Bisschops, J.H., 1989. Geologische kaart van Zuid-Limburg en omgeving, schaal 1:50.000. Afzettingen van de Maas. Rijks Geologische Dienst, Haarlem.
Frechen, M., Vanneste, K., Verbeeck, K., Paulissen, E. & Camelbeeck, T., 2001. The deposition history of the coversands along the Bree Fault escarpment. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences / Geologie en Mijnbouw 80: 171–185.
French, H.M., 1974. Mass-wasting at Sachs Harbour Banks Island, N.W.T., Canada. Artic and Alpine Research 6: 71–78.
Geluk, M.C., Duin, E.J.Th., Dusar, M., Rijkers, R.H.B., Van den Berg, M.W. & Van Rooijen, P., 1994. Stratigraphy and tectonics of the Roer Valley Graben. Geologie en Mijnbouw 73: 129–141.
Groenewoud, W., Lorenz, G.K., Brouwer, F.J.J. & Molendijk, R.E., 1991. Geodetic determination of recent land subsidence in the Netherlands. In: Land subsidence (Proceedings of the 4th international symposium on land subsidence, may 1991). IAHS Publ. No 200.
Houtgast, G., 1991. Catalogus van aardbevingen in Nederland. KNMI publicatie 179, De Bilt, Netherlands.
Houtgast, R.F. & Van Balen, R.T., 2000. Neotectonics of the Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands. Global and Planetary Change 27: 131–146.
Houtgast, R.F., Van Balen, R.T., Bouwer, L.M., Brand, G.B.M. & Brijker, J.M., 2002. Late Quaternary activity of the Feldbiss Fault Zone, Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands, based on displaced fluvial terrace fragments. Tectonophysics 352: 295–315.
Huxtable, J. & Aitken, J., 1985. Thermoluminescence dating results for the Palaeolithic site Maastricht-Belvédère. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst 39-1: 41–44.
Huijzer, A.S., 1993. Cryogenic microfabrics and macrostructures: interrelations, processes and paleoclimatic significance. Thesis Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. Copyprint Enschede: 245 pp.
Lehmann, K., Klostermann, J. & Pelzing, R., 2001. Paleoseismological investigations at the Rurrand Fault, Lower Rhine Embayment. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences / Geologie en Mijnbouw 80: 139–154.
McCalphin, J.P., 1996. Paleoseismology. Academic Press (San Diego): 588 pp.
Meghraoui, M., Camelbeeck, T. Vanneste, K., Brondeel, M. & Jongmans, D., 2000. Active faulting and paleoseismology along the Bree fault zone, Lower Rhine graben (Belgium). Journal of Geophysical Research 105: 13809–13841.
Mücher, H.J., 1986. Aspects of Loess and loess-derived slope deposits: an experimental and micromorphological approach. Fysisch Geografisch en Bodemkundig Laboratorium, Universiteit van Amsterdam: 267 pp.
Murray, A.S. & Wintle, A.G., 2000. Luminescence dating of quartz using an improved single-aliquot regenerative-dose protocol. Quaternary Ressearch 27: 1–29.
Obermeier, S.F., 1996. Use of liquefaction-induced features for paleoseismic analysis - An overview of how seismic liquefaction features can be distinguished from other features and how their regional distribution and properties of source sediment can be used to infer the location and strength of Holocene paleo-earthquakes. Engineering Geology 44: 1–76.
Paulissen, E., Vandenberghe, J. & Gullentops, F., 1985. The Feldbiss fault in the Maas valley bottom (Limburg, Belgium). Geologie en Mijnbouw 64: 79–87.
Plenefisch, T. & Bonjer, K.-P., 1997. The stress field in the Rhine Graben area inferred from earthquake focal mechanisms and estimation of frictional parameters. Tectonophysics 275: 71–97.
TNO-NITG, 2001. Toelichting bij de kaartbladen XIII en XIV Breda-Valkenswaard en Oss-Roermond. Netherlands Institute for Applied Geosciences TNO, Utrecht.
Vandenberghe, J., 1983. Some periglacial phenomena and their stratigraphical position in Weichselian deposits in the Netherlands. Polarforschung 53 (2): 97–107.
Van den Berg, M.W., 1989. Geomorfologische kaart van Nederland 1:50.000 kaartblad 59 Genk, 60 Sittard, 61 Maastricht, 62 Heerlen, met toelichting (32 p) en de kaart Maasterrassen en hellingklassen. Staring Centrum, Wageningen en Rijks Geologische Dienst, Haarlem.
Van den Berg, M.W., Vanneste, K., Dost, B., Lokhorst, A., van Eijk, M. & Verbeeck, K., 2002. Paleoseismological investigations along the Peel Boundary Fault: geological setting, site selection and trenching results. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences / Geologie en Mijnbouw 81: 39–60.
Van Kolfschoten, T., Roebroeks, W. & Vandenberghe, J., 1993. The Middle and Late Pleistocene sequence at Maastricht-Belvédère: the type locality of the Belvédère Interglacial. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst N.S. 47: 81–91.
Vanneste, K., Meghraoui, M. & Camelbeeck, T., 1999. Late Quaternary earthquake-related soft-sediment deformation along the Belgian portion of the Feldbiss Fault, Lower Rhine Graben system. Tectonophysics 309: 57–79.
Vanneste, K. & Verbeeck, K., 2001. Paleoseismological analysis of the Rurrand fault near Jülich, Roer Valley Graben, Germany: Coseismic or aseismic faulting history? Netherlands Journal of Geosciences / Geologie en Mijnbouw 80: 155–169.
Zijerveld, L., Stephenson, R., Cloetingh, S., Duin, E. & Van den Berg, M.W., 1992. Subsidence analysis and modelling of the Roer Valley Graben (SE Netherlands). Tectonophysics 208: 159–171.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Late Quaternary tectonic evolution and postseismic near surface fault displacements along the Geleen Fault (Feldbiss Fault Zone–Roer Valley Rift System, the Netherlands), based on trenching

  • R.F. Houtgast (a1), R.T. van Balen (a1), C. Kasse (a1) and J. Vandenberghe (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.