Thin film polymer nanofoams are produced from triblock copolymers of a fluorinated polyimide, 3F/PMDA (derived from pyromelletic dianhydride (PMDA) and 1,1-bis(4-aminophenyl)-1-phenyl-2,2,2-trifluoroethane (3F)) as the center block and polypropylene oxide (PO) as the end blocks. The nanofoam is produced using a three step process: 1.) spin casting the triblock copolymer onto a silicon substrate, 2.) thermal treatment in an Argon atmosphere to imidize the center block and 3.) thermal treatment in air to degrade the PO domains and form nanoscale voids. This process was characterized using both transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small angle neutron scattering (SANS). For the TEM studies, Ruthenium tetroxide staining was used to enhance the contrast between the polyimide (PI) matrix and the PO microdomains or voids, which permitted a more detailed view of the microstructure of both the foamed and unfoamed materials. From the two dimensional Fourier transform of the micrographs the spatial correlation between the PO microdomains in the unfoamed material and between the voids in the foam were found. An interdomain separation distance of -37 nm was observed. SANS was performed to follow the imidization and foaming processes both in-situ and on a Si substrate. The SANS results indicated that the films are homogeneous when spun from solution and that the microphase separation of the PO domains occurs during the imidization step. The subsequent foaming step leaves the morphology generally intact with the PO domains converting to voids. A peak was found in the SANS curve with a spacing of about 26 nm, which is qualitative agreement with the TEM data.