Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Weathered Basalt Glass: A Natural Analogue for the Effects of REACTION Progress on Nuclear Waste Glass Alteration

  • B. Grambow (a1), M. J. Jercinovic (a2), R. C. Ewing (a2) and C. D. Byers (a3)

Abstract

Laboratory experiments alone cannot be used to verify models for the long-term release of radionuclides from nuclear waste glasses. Basalt glasses have been proposed as an appropriate natural analogue for the long-term validation of release models [1]. Their analogous behavior has been demonstrated in laboratory experiments in which both types of glasses display similar reaction rates, alteration products and surface layer morphologies [2,3]. This paper illustrates how empirical data from natural occurrences of basalt glass can be interpreted by a model which is developed to describe the reaction progress of the corrosion of nuclear waste form borosilicate glass [4,5].

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Malow, G., Lutze, W. and Ewing, R.C., J. of Non-Crystalline Solids, 67, 305 (1984).
2. Byers, C.D., Jercinovic, M.J., Ewing, R.C. and Keil, K., in Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management VIII, edited by Jantzen, C.M., Stone, J.A. and Ewing, R.C. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1985), p. 583.
3. Lutze, W., Malow, G., Ewing, R.C., Jercinovic, M.J. and Keil, K., Nature, 314, 252 (1985).
4. Grambow, B., in Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management VIII, edited by Jantzen, C.M., Stone, J.A. and Ewing, R.C. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1985) pp. 1527.
5. Grambow, B., Ph.D. thesis, Freie Universitat, Berlin, 1984.
6. Luyendyk, B.D., Cann, J.R., et al., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 49 (1978).
7. Donnelly, T., Francheteau, J., Bryan, W., Robinson, P., Flower, M., Salisbury, M., et al., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 51, 52, 53 (1979).
8. Juteau, T., Noak, Y., Whitechurch, H. and Courtois, C., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 51, 52, 53 (1979).
9. Staudigel, H. and Hart, S.R., Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 47, 337 (1983).
10. Parkhurst, D.L., Thorstensen, D.C. and Plummer, L.N., Water-Resources Investigations 80–96 (U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, 1980). Extension to run precipitation controlled reactions by P. Offermann, HMI; updated with MINTEQ data base by W. Howden and K. Kruppka, Battelle PNL.
11. Crovisier, J.L., Fritz, B., Grambow, B. and Eberhart, J.P., this volume.
12. Pritchard, R.G., Cann, J.R. and Wood, D.A., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 49, 709 (1978).
13. Honnorez, J., in Natural Zeolites: Occurrence, Properties, Use, edited by Sand, L.B. and Mumpton, F.A. (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1978) pp. 245258.
14. Kastner, M., in The Sea, Volume 7, The Oceanic Lithosphere, edited by Emiliani, C., (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1981) pp. 915980.
15. Wollast, R., in the The Sea, Volume 5, edited by Goldberg, E.D. (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1976) pp. 359–292.
16. Noak, Y., Sciences Geologiques (Universite Louis Pasteur de Strasbourg Institut de Geologie, 1983) 36, 111116.
17. Hekinian, H. and Hoffert, M., Marine Geology, 19, 91 (1975).
18. Morgenstein, M. and Riley, Th.J., Asian Perspectives, 27, 145 (1974).
19. Bryan, W.B. and Moore, J.G., Geological Society of America Bulletin, 88, 556 (1977).
20. Gieskes, J.M., Reese, H. et al., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 51, 52, 53, 747(1979).
21. Staudigel, H. and Hart, S.R., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 83 (1985).
22. Donnelly, T.W., Pritchard, R.A., Emmermann, R. and Puchelt, H., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 51, 52, 53 (1979).
23. Donnelly, T.W., Thompson, C. and Salisbury, M.H., Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, 51, 52, 53 (1979).
24. Grambow, B., Lutze, W., Ewing, R., Nature, submitted.
25. Freude, E., Grambow, B., Lutze, W., Rabe, H. and Ewing, R.C., in Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management VIII, edited by Jantzen, C.M., Stone, J.A. and Ewing, R.C. (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, 1985), p. 99.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

MRS Online Proceedings Library (OPL)
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 1946-4274
  • URL: /core/journals/mrs-online-proceedings-library-archive
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed