In the paper the development and usage of radiation detection systems based on room temperature semiconductors are described. The detection systems are intended for use by safeguards inspectors to verify nuclear material. Because of their high intrinsic efficiency, these detectors have advantages compared to classical germanium or Nal detectors. Several measurement tasks which cannot be handled in an optimum manner by using standard detectors have been solved. The main problem in the application of room temperature semiconductor detectors is the limitation in the availability of large detector volumes.