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The Use of High Durability Alumino-Borosilicate Glass for the Encapsulation of High Temperature Reactor (HTR) Fuel

  • Paul G. Heath (a1), Martin C. Stennett (a1), Owen J. McGann (a1), Russell J. Hand (a1) and Neil C. Hyatt (a1)...

Abstract

The development of suitable waste forms for waste produced by generation IV reactors is of critical concern for future operations. To date no accepted disposal route for Tri-Structural Isotropic (TRISO) High Temperature Reactor (HTR) fuel exists. Alumino-borosilicate glass has been studied for its ability to encapsulate TRISO particle fuels. This glass was selected for its high aqueous durability. Encapsulation was achieved by cold pressing and sintering of glass powders mixed with HTR fuel. Sintering profiles capable of eliminating interconnected porosity in the composites were developed. The chemical compatibility and wetting of the glass matrix with the fuel were analysed along with the aqueous durability of the sintered glass matrix. Composites sintered under a controlled atmosphere produced unfractured monoliths with minimal chemical interaction between the glass and the TRISO particles. The Product Consistency Test (PCT) durability assessment indicated the sintered alumino-borosilicate glass was approximately an order of magnitude more durable than an equivalent R7T7 borosilicate glass. These results suggest sintered alumino-borosilicate glass-TRISO particle composites may provide a potential disposal route for spent TRISO particle fuel.

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References

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Keywords

The Use of High Durability Alumino-Borosilicate Glass for the Encapsulation of High Temperature Reactor (HTR) Fuel

  • Paul G. Heath (a1), Martin C. Stennett (a1), Owen J. McGann (a1), Russell J. Hand (a1) and Neil C. Hyatt (a1)...

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