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Ultra-High-Tg Chromophoric Polyimides and Polyureas as High-Performance Nonlinear Optical Materials

  • Lifeng Geng (a1), Jiafu Wang (a1), Tobin J. Marks (a1), Weiping Lin (a2), Haitian Zhou (a2), Paul M. Lunquist (a2) and George K. Wong (a2)...

Abstract

Three approaches to the construction of high-Tg polyimides and polyureas as second-order NLO materials are discussed. In the first approach, copolymerization of bismaleimides with o,o‚-diallylbisphenol-A followed by functionalization with high-β NLO chromophores using a Mitsunobu procedure yields, after poling and curing, a series of heavily crosslinked chromophoric polyimides with Tg values as high as 320°C and partially resonant χ(2) responses as high as 1.0×10-7 esu (42 pm/V at 1064 nm, 1.17 eV). In the second two approaches, copolymerization of the chromophore 4,5-bis(4‚-aminophenyl)-2-(4„- nitrophenyl)imidazole with bismaleimides or diisocyanates yields polyimides and polyureas with Tg values as high as 292°C and partially resonant χ(2)values as high as 0.62× 10-7 esu(25 pm/V at 1064 nm). It is found that careful attention to the details of curing and crosslinking during poling results in NLO- active matrices exhibiting negligible decay in ( on aging in air at 100°C for periods of 1,000-4,000 h. The imidazole based materials exhibit only about 10% χ(2) decay on aging for 100 h at 200°C under N2.

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