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Treatment of Graphite Waste to Minimize Disposal Volume

  • Willie C.M.H. Meyer (a1), I.J. van der Walt (a1), Vusi Kabila (a1), Jacoba J. Badenhorst (a1), Danie Moolman (a1) and Wouter Klopper (a1)...

Abstract

South Africa initiated a program to significantly expand its total nuclear energy capacity by acquiring additional Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) and is currently researching Pebble Bed Modular Reactors (PBMRs) as next generation nuclear energy sources. The result of such an expansion in the current nuclear program will be a need for the disposal of additional nuclear waste. However, as an alternative strategy for spent PBMR fuel, the separation of the spent fuel into TRISO particles for disposal and graphite for re-use in the nuclear industry could also be considered.

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1 SEVENTH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME EURATOM: Nuclear Research and Training Activities, CARBOWASTE: Treatment and Disposal of Irradiated Graphite and Other Carbonaceous Waste, Grant Agreement No.:211333 (2008).
2 AREVA, Preliminary study relative to the back-end of the PBMR fuel cycle. Presentation by AREVA during a Necsa – AREVA meeting held at Necsa on March 6-7, 2007.
3 Bauer, Ch., “Profildesintegrations-Einrichtung fur Kugel-Brennelemente”, Kernforschungsanlage (Julich), Technisch Notiz IRW-TN-27/82, 1982.

Treatment of Graphite Waste to Minimize Disposal Volume

  • Willie C.M.H. Meyer (a1), I.J. van der Walt (a1), Vusi Kabila (a1), Jacoba J. Badenhorst (a1), Danie Moolman (a1) and Wouter Klopper (a1)...

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