Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of a Series of Systematically Designed Conjugated Rigid-Rod Polyquinolines

  • Ashwini K. Agrawal (a1), Samson A. Jenekhe (a1), Herman Vanherzeele (a2) and Jeffrey S. Meth (a2)

Abstract

The third-order nonlinear optical properties of thin films of two series of conjugated rigid-rod polyquinolines, exemplified by poly(2, 2'-(l, 4-phenylene)-6, 6'-bis(4-phenyl quinoline)) (PPPQ, 2d) and poly(2, 7-(l, 4-phenylene)-4, 9-diphenyl-l, 6-anthrazoline) (PPDA, 3d), were investigated by third harmonic generation spectroscopy. Of the nine polyquinolines with diverse backbone structures, PPPQ has the largest optical nonlinearity with a χ(3) (-3ω; ω, ω, ω) value of 3.2 × 10−12 esu and 3.3 × 10−11 esu in the off-resonant and three-photon resonant regions, respectively. A comparison of the nonresonant χ(3) of the series of nine systematically derived polyquinolines showed that a scaling law of the form χ(3) ∼ (λmax)v ∼ Eg -v does not hold; in fact, the nonresonant χ(3) was essentially independent of the optical bandgap. These results suggest that structure-χ(3) propeny relationships in polymers cannot be inferred from those of oligomers and model compounds.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. (a) Prasad, P. N. and Williams, D. J., Introduction to Nonlinear Optical Effects in Molecules and Polymers (Wiley: New York, 1991).
(b) Marder, S. R., Sohn, J. E., and Stucky, G. D. eds. Materials for Nonlinear Optics: Chemical Perspectives. ACS Symposium Series No. 455, (American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, 1991).
(c) Eaton, D. F., Science 251, 281287 (1991).
2. (a) Vanherzeele, H., Meth, J. S., Jenekhe, S. A., and Roberts, M. F., Appl. Phys. Lett. 5 8, 663665 (1991).
(b) Vanherzeele, H., Meth, J. S., Jenekhe, S. A., and Roberts, M. F., J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, in press,
(c) Osaheni, J. A., Jenekhe, S. A., Vanherzeele, H., and Meth, J. S., Chem. Mater. 3, 218221 (1991).
(d) Osaheni, J. A., Jenekhe, S. A., Vanherzeele, H., and Meth, J. S., J. Phys. Chem., in press,
(e) Jenekhe, S. A., Yang, C.-J., Vanherzeele, H., and Meth, J. S., Chem. Mater. 3 985 (1991).
3. Torruellas, W. E., Neher, D., Zanoni, R., Stegeman, G. I., Kajar, F., and Leclerc, M., Chem. Phys. Lett. 125, 1116 (1990).
4. Sooz, Z. G., Mc Williams, P. C. M., and Hayden, G. W., Chem. Phys. Lett. 171, 14 (1990).
(b) Dixit, S. N., Guo, D. and Mazumdar, S., Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 194, 33 (1991).
(c) Helin, J. R., Wong, K. Y., Zamani-Khamiri, O., and Garito, A. F., Phys. Rev. B 38, 1573 (1988).
(d) Kuzyk, M. G. and Dirk, C. W., Phys. Rev. A 41, 50985109 (1990).
5. (a) Agrawal, G. P., Cojan, C., and Flytzanis, C., Phys. Rev. B 17(2), 776 (1978);
(b) Rustagi, K. C. and Ducuing, J., Optics Commun. 10, 258 (1974);
(c) Pierce, B. M., Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 109, 109 (1988).
6. Wrasidlo, W., Norris, S. O., Wolfe, J. F., Katto, T., and Stille, J. K., Macromolecules 9, 512 (1976).
7. (a) Stille, J. K., Macromolecules 14, 870 (1981);
(b) Sybert, P. D., Beever, W. H., and Stille, J. K., Macromolecules 14, 493 (1981).
8. Agrawal, A. K. and Jenekhe, S. A., Chem. Mater., in press.
9. Pelter, M. W. and Stille, J. K., Macromolecules 21, 2418 (1990).
10. Imai, Y., Johnson, E. F., Katto, T., Kurihara, M., and Stille, J. K., J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Chem. Ed. 13, 2233 (1975).
11. Norris, S. O. and Stille, J. K., Macromolecules 9, 496 (1976).
12. Beever, W. H. and Stille, J. K., J. Polym. Sci., Polym. Symp. 65, 41 (1978).
13. Vanherzeele, H., Appl. Opt. 22, 2246 (1990).
14. (a) Meth, J. S., Vanherzeele, H., Jenekhe, S. A., Yang, C.-J., Roberts, M. F., and Agrawal, A. K., SPIE Proceedings vol. 1560, in press,
(b) Agrawal, A. K., Jenekhe, S. A., Vanherzeele, H., and Meth, J. S., Chem. Mater. 1, 765768 (1991).
15. Kanetake, T., Ishikawa, K., Hasegawa, T., Koda, T., Takeda, T., Hasegawa, M., Kubodera, K., and Kabayashi, H., Appl. Phy. Lett. 54, 22872289 (1989).
16. Buchalter, B. and Meredith, G. R., Appl. Optics 21, 3221 (1982).
17. (a) Prasad, P. N. and Reinhardt, B. A., Chem. Mater. 2, 660669 (1990)
(b) Zhao, M.-T., Singh, B. P., and Prasad, P. N., J. Chem. Phys. 89, 5535 (1988).
18. Agrawal, A. K., Jenekhe, S. A., Vanherzeele, H., and Meth, J. S., J. Phys. Chem., in press.

Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of a Series of Systematically Designed Conjugated Rigid-Rod Polyquinolines

  • Ashwini K. Agrawal (a1), Samson A. Jenekhe (a1), Herman Vanherzeele (a2) and Jeffrey S. Meth (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed