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Thermodynamic and Kinetic Studies of Pulsed-Laser Annealing from Transient Conductivity Measurements*

  • P.S. Peercy (a1) and Michael O. Thompson (a1)

Abstract

Simultaneous measurements of the transient conductance and time-dependent surface reflectance of the melt and solidification dynamics produced by pulsed laser irradiation of Si are reviewed. These measurements demonstrate that the melting temperature of amorphous Si is reduced 200 ± 50 K from that of crystalline Si and that explosive crystallization in amorphous Si is mediated by a thin (≤ 20 nm) molten layer that propagates at ~ 15 m/sec. Studies with 3.5 nsec pulses permit an estimate of the dependence of the solidification velocity on undercooling. Measurements of the effect of As impurities on the solidification velocity demonstrate that high As concentrations decrease the melting temperature of Si (~ 150 K for 7 at.%), which can result in surface nucleation to produce buried melts. Finally, the silicon-germanium alloy system is shown to be an ideal model system for the study of superheating and undercooling. The Si50Ge50 alloy closely models amorphous Si, and measurements of layered Si-Ge alloy structures indicate superheating up to 120 K without nucleation of internal melts. The change in melt velocity with superheating yields a velocity versus superheating of 17 ± 3 k/m/sec.

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*This work was performed at Sandia National Laboratories and supported by the U.S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC04-76DP00789.

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Present Address: Cornell University, Department of Materials Sciences, Ithaca, NY.

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References

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Thermodynamic and Kinetic Studies of Pulsed-Laser Annealing from Transient Conductivity Measurements*

  • P.S. Peercy (a1) and Michael O. Thompson (a1)

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