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Synchrotron X-Ray Study of Texture in Cold-Worked Shape-Memory NiTi-Wires

  • Andreas Schuster (a1), Heinz Voggenreiter (a1), Dorian K. Balch (a2) and David C. Dunand (a2)


A series of martensitic, near-equiatomic NiTi shape-memory alloy wires was deformed to strains ranging from 1 to 40% up to stresses of 920 MPa. After deformation, the wires were exposed to a monochromatic, parallel beam of high energy x-rays oriented perpendicular to the wire axis. The transmitted low index diffraction rings show that martensitic texture is increasing with prestrain up to ε=15% after twinning is complete. Further prestraining in the plastic range lowers the texture again indicating that twinning- and plasticity-textures cancel partially each other. Also, deformed NiTi-wires were heated and cooled from 20°C to 200°C under a small constant stress of 6 MPa. The strain change due to the Two-Way Shape-Memory Effect was measured and correlated to the diffraction results.



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