Skip to main content Accessibility help

Solvothermal Pathways to Transition Metal Oxides

  • Alexej Michailovski (a1) and Greta R. Patzke (a1)


A straightforward solvothermal pathway towards anisotropic nanoscale molybdenum, vanadium and tungsten oxides has been established. They are formed quantitatively from one-step procedures within a few days or hours of autoclave treatment in the temperature range between 100 and 220 °C. The addition of straightforward ionic additives (e.g. alkali halides) leads to a versatile interplay between the formation of novel polymolybdates(VI) and the production of oxidic nanoparticles. Key solvothermal features (role of the precursor, solvothermal parameter window, influence of ionic additives) of the individual transition metal oxides are investigated with respect to the development of general synthetic guidelines and predictive concepts.



Hide All
1 Byrappa, K., Yoshimura, M., Handbook of Hydrothermal Technology (Noyes, Park Ridge, N. J., 2001).
2 Walton, R. I., Chem. Soc. Rev. 31, 230 (2002).
3 Komarneni, S., Katsuki, H., Pure Appl. Chem. 74, 1537 (2002).
4 Demazeau, G., Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci., Sér. II, 2, 685 (1999).
5 Demazeau, G., J. Mater. Chem. 9, 15 (1999).
6 Whittingham, M. S., Guo, J.-D., Chen, R., Chirayil, T., Janauer, G., Zavalij, P., Solid State Ionics 75, 257 (1995).
7 Cheetham, A. K., Mellot, C. F., Chem. Mater. 9, 2269 (1997).
8 Serre, C., Lorentz, C., Taulelle, F., Férey, G., Chem. Mater. 15, 2328 (2003).
9 Komarneni, S., Curr. Sci. 85, 1730 (2003).
10 Rao, C. N. R., Deepak, F. L., Gundiah, G., Govindaraj, A., Prog. Solid State Chem. 31, 5 (2003).
11 Patzke, G. R., Krumeich, F., Nesper, R., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 41, 2446 (2002).
12 Rao, C. N. R., Raveau, B., Transition Metal Oxides (VCH Publishers, New York, 1995).
13 Baiker, A., Gasser, D., Z. Phys. Chem. 41, 119 (1986).
14 Galatsis, K., Li, Y. X., Wlordarski, W., Comini, E., Sberveglieri, G., Catalini, C., Santucci, S., Passacantando, M., Sens. Actuators B83, 276 (2002).
15 Dobson, J. V., Coiner, J., J. Electroanal. Chem. 220, 225 (1987).
16 Michailovski, A., Grunwaldt, J.-D., Baiker, A., Kiebach, R., Bensch, W., Patzke, G. R., Angew. Chem., submitted.
17 Walton, R. I., Loiseau, T., O'Hare, D., Férey, G., Chem. Mater. 11, 3201 (1999).
18 Engelke, L., Schaefer, M., Porsch, F., Bensch, W., Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 506 (2003).
19 Michailovski, A., Krumeich, F., Patzke, G. R., Helv. Chim. Acta 87, 1029 (2004).
20 Liu, H.-F., Liu, R.-S., Liew, K. Y., Johnson, R. E., Lunsford, J. H., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 106, 4117 (1984).
21 Zhou, J., Xu, N.-S., Deng, S.-Z., Chen, J., She, J.-C., Wang, Z.-L., Adv. Mater. 15, 1835 (2003).
22 Niederberger, M., Krumeich, F., Muhr, H.-J., Müller, M., Nesper, R., J. Mater. Chem. 11, 1941 (2001).
23 Lou, X. W., Zeng, H. C., Chem. Mater. 14, 4781 (2002).
24 Patzke, G. R., Michailovski, A., Krumeich, F., Nesper, R., Grunwaldt, J.-D., Baiker, A., Chem. Mater. 16, 1126 (2004).
25 Krebs, B., Acta Cryst. B28, 2222 (1972).
26 Günter, J. R., J. Solid State Chem. 5, 354 (1972).
27 Grunwaldt, J.-D., Ramin, M., Rohr, M., Michailovski, A., Patzke, G. R., Baiker, A., Rev. Sci. Instr., submitted.
28 Mann, S., Biomineralization, Oxford University Press (Oxford, New York, 2001).
29 Zhu, Y. Q., Hu, W., Hsu, W. K., Terrones, M., Grobert, N., Hare, J. P., Kroto, H. W., Walton, D. R. M., Terrones, H., Chem. Phys. Lett. 309, 327 (1999).
30 Patra, A., Auddy, K., Ganguli, D., Livage, J., Biswas, P. K., Mater. Lett. 58, 1059 (2004).
31 Wechter, M. A., Shanks, H. R., Carter, G., Ebert, G. M., Guglielmo, R., Voigt, A. F., Anal. Chem. 44, 850 (1972).
32 Koltypin, Yu., Nikitenko, S. I., Gedanken, A., J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1107 (2002).
33 Niederberger, M., Bartl, M. H., Stucky, G. D., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 13642 (2002).
34 Li, X.-L., Liu, J.-F., Li, Y.-D., Inorg. Chem. 42, 921 (2003).
35 Frey, L. G., Rothschild, A., Sloan, J., Rosentsveig, R., Popovitz-Biro, R., Tenne, R., J. Solid State Chem. 162, 300 (2001).
36 Reis, K. P., Ramanan, A., Whittingham, M. S., J. Solid State Chem. 91, 394 (1991).
37 Reis, K. P., Ramanan, A., Whittingham, M. S., J. Solid State Chem. 96, 31 (1992).
38 Dickens, P. G., Halliwell, A. C., Murphy, D. J., Whittingham, M. S., Trans. Faraday Soc. 67, 794 (1971).
39 Michailovski, A., Krumeich, F., Patzke, G. R., Mater. Res. Bull. 39, 887 (2004).
40 Michailovski, A., Krumeich, F., Patzke, G. R., Chem. Mater. 16, 1433 (2004).
41 Oi, J., Kishimoto, A., Kudo, T., J. Solid State Chem. 103, 176 (1993).
42 Janauer, G. G., Dobley, A., Guo, J., Zavalij, P., Whittingham, M. S., Chem. Mater. 8, 2096 (1996).
43 Krumeich, F., Muhr, H.-J., Niederberger, M., Bieri, F., Schnyder, B., Nesper, R., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 121, 8324 (1999).
44 Coucou, A., Driouiche, A., Figlarz, M., Touboul, M., Chévrier, G., J. Solid State Chem. 32, 283 (1992).
45 Zavalij, P. Y., Whittingham, M. S., Acta Cryst. B55, 627 (1999).
46 Knobl, S., Zenkovets, G. A., Kryukova, G. N., Ovsitser, O., Niemeyer, D., Schlögl, R., Mestl, G., J. Catal. 215, 177 (2003).
47 Xu, H.-Y., Wang, H., Song, Z. Q., Wang, Y. W., Yan, H., Yoshimura, M., Electrochim. Acta 49, 349 (2004).
48 Morcrette, M., Rozier, P., Dupont, L., Muynier, E., Sannier, L., Galy, J., Tarascon, J.-M., Nature Mater. 2, 766 (2003).
49 Stenou, N., Bouhedja, L., Castro-Garcia, S., Livage, J., High Pressure Res. 20, 55 (2001).
50 Sedini, F., Etteyeb, N., Stenonou, N., Guyard-Duhayon, C., Maquet, J., Gharbi, N., Livage, J., J. Solid State Chem. 167, 407 (2002).
51 Ayyappan, S., Subbanna, N., Rao, C. N. R., Chem. Eur. J. 1, 165 (1995).

Solvothermal Pathways to Transition Metal Oxides

  • Alexej Michailovski (a1) and Greta R. Patzke (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed