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Sol-Gel Non-hydrolytic Synthesis of a Nanocomposite Electrolyte for Application in Lithium-ion Devices

  • Flávio L. Souza (a1), Paulo R. Bueno (a2), Ronaldo C. Faria (a2), Elson Longo (a3) and Edson R. Leite (a1) (a3)...

Abstract

A new nanocomposite electrolyte was synthesized using a simple non-hydrolytic sol-gel route without specific treatment of the reagents. The nanocomposite ion conductor was prepared with citric acid, tetraethyl orthosilicate and ethylene glycol, forming polyester chains. The time-consuming drying step that is a necessary part of most chemical syntheses was not required in the preparation of the present nanocomposite electrolyte of the polyelectrolyte class, because only Li+ is mobile in the polymeric chain. The effects of the concentration of Li, SiO 2 and SnO2nanoparticles were investigated in terms of Li+ ionic conductivity. Conductivity measurements as a function of the metal oxide nanocrystal content in the nanocomposite revealed a significant increase in conductivity at approximately 5 and 10 wt % of nanoparticles. The new nanocomposite conductor proved to be fully amorphous at room temperature, with a vitreous transition temperature of approximately 228K (−45°C). The material is solid and transparent, displaying an ionic conductivity of 10−4to 10−5 (O.cm)−1at room temperature presenting excellent reproducibility of all these characteristics. Cyclic voltammetry measurements indicate that the hybrid electrolyte possesses outstanding electrochemical stability.

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Sol-Gel Non-hydrolytic Synthesis of a Nanocomposite Electrolyte for Application in Lithium-ion Devices

  • Flávio L. Souza (a1), Paulo R. Bueno (a2), Ronaldo C. Faria (a2), Elson Longo (a3) and Edson R. Leite (a1) (a3)...

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