Skip to main content Accessibility help

R&D Status and Needs for Improved EB-PVD Thermal Barrier Coating Performance

  • C. Leyens (a1), U. Schulz (a1), M. Bartsch (a1) and M. Peters (a1)


The key issues for thermal barrier coating development are high temperature capability and durability under thermal cyclic conditions as experienced in the hot section of gas turbines. Due to the complexity of the system and the interaction of the constituents, performance improvements require a systems approach. However, there are issues closely related to the ceramic top coating and the bond coat, respectively. Reduced thermal conductivity, sintering, and stresses within the ceramic coating are addressed in the paper as well as factors affecting failure of the TBC by spallation. The latter is primarily governed by the formation and growth of the thermally grown oxide scale and therefore related to the bond coat. A strategy for lifetime assessment of TBCs is discussed.



Hide All
1. Kaysser, W.A., Krell, T., Bartsch, M., Leyens, C., Schulz, U. and Peters, M., Surface Engineering EUROMAT '99, ed. Dimigen, H., (Wiley-VCH, 2000), pp.312.
2. Maloney, M.J., U. S. Patent 6,007,880, 1999.
3. Maloney, M.J., U. S. Patent 6,057,047, 2000.
4. Schulz, U., Fritscher, K. and Leyens, C., Surface and Coatings Technology, 133–134, 4048 (2000).
5. Wortman, D., U.S. Patent 5,942,334, 1999.
6. Alperine, S., Derrien, M., Jaslier, Y. and Mevrel, P., AGARD R–823, 1–1/1 (1997).
7. Dinwiddie, R.B., Beecher, S.C. and Porter, W.D., The effect of thermal aging on the thermal conductivity of plasma sprayed and EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress & Exhibition (The American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1996).
8. Dorvaux, J.-M., Lavigne, O., Mevrel, R., Poulain, M., Renollet, Y. and Rio, C., AGARD R-823, 13-1/13-10 (1997).
9. Klemens, P.G. and G. M., , Materials Science and Engineering, A245, 143149 (1998).
10. Nicholls, J.R., Lawson, K.J., Rickerby, D.S. and Morrell, P., AGARD R-823 Report, 6-1/6-9 (1997).
11. Ravichandran, K.S., An, K., Dutton, R.E. and Semiatin, S.L., AGARD R-823 Report, 14-1/14-12 (1997).
12. Taylor, R.E., Materials Science and Engineering, A245, 160167 (1998).
13. Rickerby, D.S., Morrel, P. and Tamarin, Y.A., Europe Patent EP 0 825 271 A1, 1997, filed.
14. Alperine, S.A., Gerzdev, S., Jaslier, Y.-P. and Tamarin, Y., Europe Patent EP 0 990 716 A1, 1999, filed.
15. Rickerby, D.S., Morrell, P. and Tamarin, Y.A., U. S. Patent 6,025,078, 2000.
16. Rickerby, D.S., Europe Patent EP 0 902 104 A2, 1998, filed.
17. Maloney, M., Achter, H. and Barkalow, B.. Development of low conductivity thermal barrier coatings, TBC Workshop, (1997).
18. Maloney, M.J., Europe Patent EP 0 992 603 A1, 1999, filed.
19. Padture, N.P., Gell, M. and Klemens, P.G., U. S. Patent 6,015,630, 2000.
20. Krell, T., Thermische und thermophysikalische Eigenschaften von elektronenstrahlgedampften chemisch gradierten Al2O3/PYSZ-Wä rmedä mmschichten, Ph.D. thesis, VDI-Fortschritt-Berichte, (VDI-Verlag, 2001, in press).
21. Johnson, C.A., Ruud, J.A., Bruce, R. and Wortman, D., Surface and Coatings Technology, 108–109, 8085 (1998).
22. Terry, S.G., Litty, J.R. and Levi, C.G., Evolution of porosity and texture in thermal barrier coatings grown by EB-PVD, Elevated Temperature Coatings: Science and Technology III, ed. Hampikian, J.M. and Dahotre, N.B., (TMS, 1999), pp. 1325.
23. Schulz, U., Wachstum, Mikrostruktur und Lebensdauer von elektronenstrahlaufgedampften Wä rmedä mmschicht-Systemen für Turbinenschaufeln, in Bergakademie Freiberg, Ph.D. thesis, (Verlag Shaker, 1995).
24. Marijnissen, G.H., Lieshout, A.H.F. van, Ticheler, G.J., Bons, H.J.M. and Ridder, M.L., U.S. Patent 5,876,860, 1999.
25. Schulz, U., Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 83, 904910 (2000).
26. Bruce, R.W., Wortman, D.J., Viguie, R. and Skelly, D.W., U. S. Patent 5,081,088, 1999.
27. Schulz, U., Fritscher, K., Leyens, C. and Peters, M., Influence of processing on microstructure and performance of EB-PVD thermal barrier coating, ASME Turbo Expo 2000, (ASME, 2000), paper no. 2000-GT-0579.
28. Stiger, M.J., Yanar, N.M., Topping, M.G., Pettit, F.S. and Meier, G.H., Zeitschrift für Metallkunde, 90, 10691078 (1999).
29. Jones, R.L., U. S. Patent 6,044,830, 2000.
30. Zhu, D. and Miller, R.A., Surface and Coatings Technology, 108–109, 114120 (1998).
31. Schulz, U., Fritscher, K., Leyens, C. and Peters, M., JOM-e, 49, (1997).
32. Krell, T., Schulz, U., Peters, M. and Kaysser, W.A., Materials Science Forum, 308–311, 396401 (1999).
33. Leushake, U., K. T., , Schulz, U., Peters, M., Kaysser, W.A. and Rabin, B.H., Surface and Coatings Technology, 94–95, 131136 (1997).
34. Wright, P.K. and Evans, A.G., Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, 4, 255265 (1999).
35. Leyens, C., Schulz, U., Pint, B.A. and Wright, I.G., Surface and Coatings Technology, 120–121, 6876 (1999).
36. Gell, M., Jordan, E., Vaidnanathan, K., McCarron, K., Barber, B., Sohn, Y.-H. and Tolpygo, V.K., Surface and Coatings Technology, 120–121, 5360 (1999).
37. Jordan, E.H., Gell, M., Pease, D.M., Shaw, L., Clarke, D.R., Gupta, V., Barber, B. and Vaidyanathan, K.. Bond strength and stress measurements in thermal barrier coatings. 1997: American Society of Mechanical Engineers
38. Evans, A.G., He, M.Y. and Hutchinson, J.W., Acta Materialia, 45, 35433554 (1997).
39. Yang, Y.Q., Leyens, C., Schulz, U., Dudek, H.J. and Kaysser, W.A.. TEM Studies on thermally grown oxides of EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings, Proc. Materials Week 2000, (Wiley -VCH, 2000, in press).
40. Leyens, C., Schulz, U., Braue, W. and Yang, Y.Q., (2001, in preparation).
41. Leyens, C., Fritscher, K., Peters, M. and Kaysser, W.A., Oxidation of Metals, 34, 329352 (1995).
42. Taylor, T.A. and Bettridge, D.F., Surface and Coatings Technology, 87088, 914 (1996).
43. Pint, B.A. and Wright, I.G., Cyclic Oxidation Behavior of Cast NiCrAl Alloys, High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Chemistry, ed. Hou, P.Y., et al. , (Electrochemical Society, 1998), pp. 263274.
44. Leyens, C., Pint, B.A. and Wright, I.G., Surface and Coatings Technology, 133–134, 1522 (2000).
45. Pint, B.A., Haynes, J.A., More, K.L., Wright, I.G. and Leyens, C., Compositional effects on aluminide oxidation performance: objectives for improved bond coats, Superalloys 2000, (TMS, 2001, in press).
46. He, M.Y., Evans, A.G. and Hutchinson, J.W., Acta Materialia, 45, 34813489 (1997).
47. Meier, S.M., Nissley, D.M., Sheffler, K.D. and Cruse, T.A., ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 114, 258263 (1992).
48. Miller, R.A., Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 67, 517521 (1984).
49. Bartsch, M., Marci, G., Mull, K. and Sick, C., Lifetime prediction of ceramic thermal barrier coatings based on lifetime analyses of close to reality test, Proc. 7th Int. Symposium on Ceramic Materials and Components for Engines, 2000, in press.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed