We reported the relationship between the structure of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and the capability of hydrogen uptake. The QSPR (quantitative structure-property relationship) method was used to find out the factor which affects the adsorption amount of hydrogen molecule on the MOFs. The derivatives which were substituted by functionalized aromatic rings showed the effect of polarization within the identical topology of the frame and similar lattice constants. And the typical series of MOFs with different topology of the frames were investigated to examine the influence of topological change. For the consideration of saturation of hydrogen adsorption amounts, the result of fitting the adsorption curve with Langmuir-Freundlich equation was used to the QSPR approach additionally. We found out that the polar surface area plays a key role on the adsorption amount of hydrogen molecule into the MOFs and the specific value of electrostatic potential surface was calculated to indicate the interaction between hydrogen molecule and MOF.