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Purification of SWNTs Using Microwave Heating

  • Avetik R. Harutyunyan (a1), Bhabendra K. Pradhan (a1), Gamini U. Sumanasekera (a1), Jiping Chang (a2), Gugang Chen (a1), H. Goto (a3), J. Fujiwara (a3) and Peter C. Eklund (a1)...

Abstract

A new method for purifying single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) using microwave heating is developed. The microwaves couple to the residual metal catalyst, raising significantly the local temperature leading to both the oxidation and rupturing of the carbon passivation layer over the metal catalyst particles and sintering. With this protective carbon coating weakened or removed, a mild acid treatment in HCl is then sufficient to remove most of the metal in the sample, leaving the nanotubes in tact. Results from transmission and scanning electron microscopy (TEM & SEM), Raman spectroscopy and thermo-gravimetric studies are discussed.

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Purification of SWNTs Using Microwave Heating

  • Avetik R. Harutyunyan (a1), Bhabendra K. Pradhan (a1), Gamini U. Sumanasekera (a1), Jiping Chang (a2), Gugang Chen (a1), H. Goto (a3), J. Fujiwara (a3) and Peter C. Eklund (a1)...

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