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Pulsed Laser Processing of Electrodeposited CuInSe2 Photovoltaic Absorber Thin Films

  • Ashish Bhatia (a1), Phillip Dale (a2), Matt Nowell (a3) and Michael Scarpulla (a4)


CuInSe2 (CIS) is commercially processed using energy intensive vacuum processes such as sputtering and thermal evaporation followed by thermal annealing. In order to reduce the cost of fabricating CIS photovoltaic absorber layers we need fast and cheap processing methods. We have investigated the use of non-vacuum electrochemical deposition (ED) followed by ultra violet pulsed laser annealing (UV-PLA). We report here on the results of ns pulsed KrF irradiation of ED CIS films and ED CIS films which were first annealed in a Se atmosphere.



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1 Ahmed, E. et al. , J. Mater. Eng. Perform. 15 213 (2006).
2 Voss, T. et al. , 22nd European Photovoltaics Solar Energy Conference, Milan, Italy (2007).
3 Wang, X.G. et al. , Sol. Energ. Mat. Sol. C., 88 (1) 65 (2005)
4 Dale, P.J. et al. , J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41 085105 (2008).
5 Contreras, M.A. et al. , Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl.; 13 209 (2005)
6 Contreras, M.A. et al. , Prog. Photovolt.: Res. Appl. 7 311 (1999)



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