Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Pulse Applications of Electrochemical Cells Containing Insertion Reaction Electrodes

  • Robert A. Huggins (a1)

Abstract

There is a rapidly increasing interest in energy sources optimized to provide electrical energy at high power levels for short times. Applications include very short pulses for digital electronic devices, the somewhat longer power pulse demands of some implantable medical devices, and the much larger transient power needs in connection with vehicle traction.

Several mechanisms can be used to provide short term energy, with fundamentally different characteristics and applicability to different types of transient output requirements.

Four different electrochemical methods can be used to evaluate the critical materials parameters in insertion reaction materials that might be applicable to such applications, and spreadsheet techniques can be used to model the transient transport behavior of such electrodes under various conditions. LaPlace transform methods can then be used to convert information about the physical mechanisms and parameters of individual components into the dynamic response of an electrochemical system.

Copyright

References

Hide All
[1] Conway, B. E., “Transition From ‘Supercapacitor’ to ‘Battery’ Behavior in Electrochemical Energy Storage”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 138, 1539 (1991).
[2] Conway, B. E., “Origin and Significance of “Redox Supercapacitance” and its Manifestation at Various Inorganic Materials”, in Proceedings of Symposium on New Sealed Rechargeable Batteries and Supercapacitors, Barnett, B. M., Dowgiallo, E., Halpert, G., Matsuda, Y. and Takeharas, Z., Eds., The Electrochemical Society (1993), p. 15.
[3] Nishino, A., “Development and Current Status of Electric Double Layer Capacitors”, in Proceedings of Symposium on New Sealed Rechargeable Batteries and Supercapacitors, Barnett, B. M., Dowgiallo, E., Halpert, G., Matsuda, Y. and Takeharas, Z., Eds. The Electrochemical Society (1993), p. 1.
[4] Craig, D. R., Canadian Patent 1,196,683 (1985).
[5] Craig, D. R., “Electric Energy Storage Devices”, European Patent Application 82,109,061.0, submitted 30 September, 1982, Publication No. 0 078 404, 11 May 1983
[6] Boukamp, B. A., Lesh, G. C. and Huggins, R. A., “All-Solid Lithium Electrodes with Mixed-Conductor Matrix”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 128, 725 (1981).
[7] Liebert, B. E., Weppner, W. and Huggins, R. A., “Evaluation of Lithium Titanates as Cathode Material”, in Proceedings of Symposium on Electrode Materials and Processes for Energy Conversion and Storage, Maclntyre, J.D.E., Srinivasan, S., Will, F. G., Eds. Electrochem. Soc. (1977), p. 821.
[8] Raistrick, I. D., Mark, A. J. and Huggins, R. A., “Thermodynamics and Kinetics of the Electrochemical Insertion of Lithium Into Tungsten Bronzes”, Solid State Ionics 5, 351 (1981).
[9] Weppner, W., and Huggins, R. A., “Determination of the Kinetic Parameters of Mixed-Conducting Electrodes and Application to the System Li3Sb”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 124, 1569 (1977).
[10] Weppner, W. and Huggins, R. A., “Electrochemical Methods for Determining Kinetic Properties of Solids” in Annual Review of Materials Science, Huggins, R. A., Ed. Annual Reviews, Inc. (1978), p. 269.
[11] Ho, C., Raistrick, I. D. and Huggins, R. A., “Application of AC Techniques to the Study of Lithium Diffusion in Tungsten Trioxide Films”, J. Electrochem. Soc. 127, 343 (1980).
[12] Wen, C. J., Ho, C., Boukamp, B.A., Raistrick, I.D., Weppner, W., and Huggins, R.A., “Use of Electrochemical Methods to Determine Chemical Diffusion Coefficients in Alloys: Application to ‘LiAl“’, International Metals Reviews 5, 253 (1981).
[13] Wagner, C., “Investigations on Silver Sulphide”, J. Chem. Phys. 21, 1819 (1953).
[14] L'vov, A. L. et al. , Elektrokhimiya 11, 1322 (1975).
[15] Raistrick, I. D. and Huggins, R. A., “The Transient Response of Electrochemical Systems Containing Insertion Reaction Electrodes”, Solid State Ionics 7, 213 (1982).
[16] Raistrick, I. D. and Sherman, R. J., “Electrical Response of Electrochemical Capacitors Based on High Surface Area Ruthenium Oxide Electrodes”, in Proceedings of Symposium on Electrode Materials and Processes for Energy Conversion and Storage, Srinivasan, S., Wagner, S., and Wroblowa, H., Eds. Electrochem. Soc. (1987), p. 582.

Pulse Applications of Electrochemical Cells Containing Insertion Reaction Electrodes

  • Robert A. Huggins (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed