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Preparation Of Low-Density Xerogels At Ambient Pressure For Low K Dielectrics

  • D. M. Smith (a1), J. Anderson (a1), C. C. Cho (a2), G. P. Johnston (a3) and S. P. Jeng (a2)...

Abstract

Low density silica xerogels have many properties which suggest their use as a low dielectric constant material. Recent process improvements to control capillary pressure and strength by employing aging and pore chemistry modification, such that shrinkage is minimal during ambient pressure drying, have eliminated the need for supercritical drying. Although xerogels offer advantages for intermetal dielectric (IMD) applications because of their low dielectric constant (<2), high temperature limit, and compatibility with existing microelectronics precursors and processes, they suffer from unanswered questions. These include: 1) are all pores smaller than microelectronics features, 2) what are their mechanical properties (for processing and particle generation), and 3) what is their thermal stability. We have produced bulk xerogels under similar conditions to those used for films and studied the effect of density on the pore size distribution and bulk modulus.

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Preparation Of Low-Density Xerogels At Ambient Pressure For Low K Dielectrics

  • D. M. Smith (a1), J. Anderson (a1), C. C. Cho (a2), G. P. Johnston (a3) and S. P. Jeng (a2)...

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