Si nanocrystals were deposited in a helium atmosphere by the gas-evaporation technique. Their average size is 3.5 nm, much smaller than those of the Si nanocrystals deposited in an argon atmosphere. The PL spectra of the as-deposited and the HF-treated Si nanocrystals were compared. A great increase in the PL intensity of the HF-treated Si nanocrystals is attributed to the hydrogen passivation of Si surface dangling bonds. A good correlation between the amount of Si-O bonds and the PL intensity suggests that the oxygen-passivation of dangling bonds is required for the red-band PL. The PL spectra of the HF-treated Si nanocrystals resemble those of porous Si and clearly indicate that the HF-treated Si nanocrystals well simulate the porous Si.