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Phase Formation Kinetics in Sol-Gel Derived Strontium Bismith Tantalate

  • Yun-Mo Sung (a1) and Woo-Chul Kwack (a1)

Abstract

Phase formation characteristics of Sr0.7Bi2.4Ta2O9 (SBT) powder, synthesized via sol-gel and pyrolysis process, was investigated by using thermal analysis. Each of the two exotherms, appearing in differential thermal analysis (DTA) scan curves, was identified as crystallization of fluorite phase and transformation of fluorite to aurivillius phase, respectively by using x-ray diffraction (XRD). By applying non-isothermal kinetic analyses to the DTA results, activation energy values for the formation of fluorite and aurivillius phases were determined as 192 and 375 kJ/mol, respectively and Avrami exponent values for each reaction were determined as 0.91 and 0.96, respectively. These activation energy and Avrami exponent values were discussed in detail to understand phase formation mechanism in SBT system.

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