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Persistent Photocurrent in InP Nanowires Heteroepitaxially Bridged Between Single Crystal Si Surfaces

  • Ataur Sarkar (a1), M. Saif Islam (a2), Sungsoo Yi (a3) and A. Alec Talin (a4)

Abstract

Room temperature photoelectrical characterization with 325-nm ultraviolet and 633-nm visible laser excitations is performed on lateral p-type InP nanowires bridged between vertically oriented heavily p-doped single crystal silicon electrodes. Experimental results under 5 V bias demonstrate persistent photoconductivity through a slow decay of excess photocurrent with relaxation times ∼110 s and ∼50 s for the UV and visible laser illuminations, respectively. Persistent photocurrent originates from the long recombination time due to carrier trapping in vacancies, defect centers, and surface states in the InP nanowires. The study opens a new understanding of trap physics of nanowire heterostructures, a critical investigation for applications of these materials in photonic devices.

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