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Pb-doped Bi-2212: Homogeneity Area, Oxidation and Effect on jc

  • A. Veresov (a1) (a2), M. Pulkin (a1), A. Knotko (a3), V. Putlayev (a3) and E. K. H. Salje (a2)...


The most promising way to improve jc in superconductors is likely to be a creation of small precipitates in the material during decomposition of supersaturated solid solution. It was recognised recently that Pb-doping of 2212 could have beneficial effect on jc. Bi2.1−xPbxSr2CaCu2O8+d (x=0.1…0.7) was prepared at different temperatures and oxygen partial pressure (pO2=10−3 – 0.21 atm) via nitrate route. The effect of pO2 and Pb-doping on Bi-2212 phase formation was explored with XRD, SEM/EPMA and TEM/SAED. The limit of Pb solubility in Bi-2212 was found to increase with a decrease in pO2 and corresponded to a decrease in x=0.3 at pO2 = 0.21 atm (850 °C) and x=0.6 at pO2 ∼ 10−3 atm (750 °C). TEM study of the as-synthesized solid solutions revealed significant nanoscale inhomogeneity attributed to Pb-segregation. For the samples with x > 0.3 the inhomogeneity quite often looked like a well- ordered wave with the period of about 10 nm. The samples of (Bi,Pb)-2212 processed under pO2 conditions were oxidized at 600–750°C in air for 0.5–60 h in order to cause precipitation of secondary phases from the supersaturated solid solution. Thermogravimetrical study (TG) of the oxidation gave a strong evidence of two stages composing the process. It was found that jc was enhanced by a factor of 2 after annealing at 650°C (i.e. during the first stage of oxidation).



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Pb-doped Bi-2212: Homogeneity Area, Oxidation and Effect on jc

  • A. Veresov (a1) (a2), M. Pulkin (a1), A. Knotko (a3), V. Putlayev (a3) and E. K. H. Salje (a2)...


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