Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Organic, Organometallic and Polymeric Materials with Nonlinear Optical Properties

  • S. R. Marder (a1), J. W. Perry (a1), W. P. Schaefer (a2), E. J. Ginsburg (a2), C. B. Gorman (a2) and R. H. Grubbs (a2)...

Abstract

New approaches to both second-order and third-order nonlinear optical materials are presented. A series of organometallic and organic salts, in which the cation has been designed to have a large molecular hyperpolarizability, has been prepared and the SHG efficiencies were measured. Partially substituted derivatives of polyacetylene are synthesized via the ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP) of cyclooctatetraene (COT) and its derivatives. Certain poly-COT derivatives afford soluble, highly conjugated polyacetylenes. These materials exhibit large third-order optical nonlinearities and low scattering losses.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Contribution number 8070.
2. Williams, D. J., Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl., 23, 690, (1984).
3. Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic and Polymeric Materials. ACS Sypm. Ser.. 233, edited by, Williams, D. J., (American Chemical Society, Washington, 1983).
4. Nonlinear Optical Properties of Organic Molecules and Crystals, edited by Chemla, D. S. and Zyss, J., (Academic Press, Orlando, 1987) Volumes 1 and 2.
5. (a) Oudar, J. L. and Chemla, D. S., J. Chem. Phys., 66, 2664, (1977). (b) B. F. Levine and C. G. Bethea, J. Chem. Phys., 66, 1070, (1977). (c) S. J. Lalama and A. F. Garito, Phys. Rev. A, 20, 1179, (1979).
6. Nicoud, J. F. and Twieg, R. W. in ref. 3, Vol.1, p. 242.
7. Zyss, J., Nicoud, J. F. and Koquillay, M., J. Chem. Phys. 81, 4160, (1984).
8. Twieg, R. W. and Jain, K. in ref. 2, Page 57.
9. Zyss, J. S., Chemla, D. S. and Nicoud, J. F., J. Chem Phys, 74, 4800, (1981).
10. (a) Tomaru, S., Zembutsu, S., Kawachi, M. and Kobayashi, M., J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Comm., 1207, (1984), (b) W. Tam, D. F. Eaton, J. C. Calabrese, I. D. Williams, Y. Wang, A. G. Anderson., Chemistry of Materials, 1, 128, (1989), (c) 1. Weissbuch, M. Lahav, L. Leiserowitz, G. R. Meredith and H. Vanherzeele, Chemistry of Materials, 1, 114, (1989).
11. Cox, S. D., Gier, T. E., Bierlein, J. D., and Stucky, G. D., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 2986, (1989)
12. Singer, K. D., Sohn, J. E., and Lalama, S. J., Appl. Phys. Lett., 49, 248, (1986).
13. Meredith, G.R. in ref. 2, p. 30.
14. Marder, S. R., Perry, J. W. and Schaefer, W. P., Science, 245, 626, (1989).
15. The C1- salts are hygroscopic which is evidenced by both elemental analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis and X-ray crystallography. [14]
16. Green, M. L. H., Marder, S. R., Thompson, M. E., Bandy, J. A., Bloor, D., Kolinsky, P. V. and Jones, R. J., Nature, 330, 360, (1987).
17. Kurtz, S. K. and Perry, T. T., J. Appl. Phys., 39, 3798, (1968).
18. Marder, S. R., Perry, J. W. Tiemann, B. G. and Schaefer, W. P., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., submitted.
19. Marder, S. R., Perry, J. W., Tiemann, B. G. and Schaefer, W. P., Chemistry of Materials, submitted.
20. Ginsburg, E. J., Gorman, C. B., Marder, S. R. and Grubbs, R. H., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 7621, (1989).
21. Gorman, C. B., Ginsburg, E. J., Marder, S. R. and Grubbs, R. H., Angew. Chem., In Press.
22. a) Zeigler, J. M., U.S. Patent Appl. US 760 433 AO, (21 November, 1986); Chem. Abstr., 20, 157042, (1986). (b) J. M. Zeigler, Polym. Prepr., 25, 223, (1984). (c) Y. Okano, T Masuda and T. Higashimura,. J. Polym. Sci.: Polym. Chem. Ed., 22, 1603, (1984). (d) T. Masuda and T. Higashimura, Adv. in Polymer Science, 81, 121, (1987).
23. Leclerc, M. and Prud'homme, R. E., J. Polym. Sci: Polym. Phys. Ed., 23, 2021, (1985).
24. (a) Bohlmann, M., Chem. Ber., 1952, 85, 387. (b) M. Bohlmann, Chem. Ber., 86, 63, (1953. (c) Bohlmann and Kieslich, Chem. Ber., 87, 1363, (1954). (d) P. Nayler and M. C. Whiting, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., 3037, (1955). (e) F. Sondheimer, D. Ben-Efriam and R. Wolovsky, J. Am. Chem. Soc, 83, 1675, (1961). (g) Karrer and Eugster, Helv. Chim. Acta, 34, 1805, (1951). (h) A. Winston and P. Wichacheewa, Macromolecules, 6, 200, (1973).
25. Patil, A. O., Heeger, A. J. and Wudl, F., Chem. Rev., 88, 183, (1988).
26. Similar results have been obtained by Chance, R., Exxon Corp. (private communication).
27. Kajzar, F., Etemad, S., Messier, J. and Baker, G. L., Synth. Met., 17, 563, (1987).
28. (a) Sauteret, C., Hermann, J. P., Frey, R., Predere, F., Ducuing, J., Baughman, R. H. and Chance, R.R., Phys. Rev. Lett., 36, 956, (1976). (b) G. M. Carter, Y. J. Chen and S. K. Tripathy, Appl. Phys. Lett., 43, 891, (1983).
29. (a) Agrawal, G. P., Cojan, C. and Flytzanis, C., Phys. Rev. B: Solid State, 15, 776, (1978). (b) D. N. Beratan, J. N. Onuchic and J. W. Perry, J. Phys. Chem., 91., 2696,(1987). (c) A. F. Garito, J. R. Heflin, K. Y. Wong and O. Zamani-Khamiri, in Nonlinear Optical Properties of Polymers, edited by A. J. Heeger, J. Orenstein and D. R. Ulrich, (Mater.Res.Soc. Proc. 109. Pittsburgh, 1988) p. 91.
30. Marder, S. R. Perry, J. W., Klavetter, F. L. and Grubbs, R. H., Chemistry of Materials, 1, 171, (1989).
31. R.Weinberger, B., Roxlo, C. B., Etemad, S., Baker, G. L. and Orenstein, J., J. Phys. Rev. Lett., 53, 86, (1984).

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Organic, Organometallic and Polymeric Materials with Nonlinear Optical Properties

  • S. R. Marder (a1), J. W. Perry (a1), W. P. Schaefer (a2), E. J. Ginsburg (a2), C. B. Gorman (a2) and R. H. Grubbs (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.