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Optical Functions of Thin-Film Polycrystalline Chalcopyrite CuIn1-xGaxSe2

  • Sung-Ho Han (a1), Dean H. Levi (a2), Hamda A. Althani (a2), Falah S. Hasoon (a2), Raghu N. Bhattacharya (a2) and Allen M. Hermann (a1)...

Abstract

The highest efficiency CuIn 1-x Ga x Se2 (CIGS) solar cells use thin-film polycrystalline CIGS absorber layers. We have applied variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometry (VASE) to characterize the dielectric functions of polycrystalline thin films of CIGS with Ga: (In + Ga) ratios ranging from 0.18 to 1.0. The Cu: (In + Ga) ratios in these films are approximately 0.90, which is the ratio that yields the highest efficiency CIGS devices. Spectra were measured over the energy range 0.7 to 5.0 eV at room temperatures. Models used to analyze the ellipsometry data include the full multi-layer structure of the sample, which enables us to report the actual dielectric function rather than the pseudo-dielectric function. We present data on how the critical points change with composition, and compare and contrast our results with measurements of single-crystal and bulk polycrystalline samples reported in the literature. Auger electron spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and X-ray diffraction have been used to verify the homogeneity, surface roughness, and phase purity, respectively.

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Optical Functions of Thin-Film Polycrystalline Chalcopyrite CuIn1-xGaxSe2

  • Sung-Ho Han (a1), Dean H. Levi (a2), Hamda A. Althani (a2), Falah S. Hasoon (a2), Raghu N. Bhattacharya (a2) and Allen M. Hermann (a1)...

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