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Optical and electrical properties of tin oxide-based thin films prepared by streaming process for electrodeless electrochemical deposition

  • Farnood Khalilzadeh-Rezaie (a1), Isaiah O. Oladeji (a2), Gbadebo. T. Yusuf (a3), Janardan Nath (a1), Nima Nader (a4) (a5), Shiva Vangala (a4) (a5), Justin W. Cleary (a4), Winston V. Schoenfeld (a6) and Robert E. Peale (a1)...

Abstract

Transparent conducting thin-films of SnO2: F were grown on preheated glass, Al2O3 coated glass, and quartz substrates by Streaming Process for Electrodeless Electrochemical Deposition (SPEED). Stannic chloride (SnCl4) and ammonium fluoride (NH4F) dissolved in a mixture of deionized water and organic solvents were used as precursors. The preheated substrate temperature was varied between 440 and 500 °C. High quality SnO2:F films were grown at all the substrate temperatures studied. The resulting typical film thickness was 250 nm. X-ray diffraction shows that the grown films are polycrystalline SnO2 with a tetragonal crystal structure. The average optical transmission of the films was around 93% throughout the wavelength range 400 to 1000 nm. The lowest electrical resistivity achieved was 6 × 10-4 Ω-cm. The Hall measurements showed that the film is an n-type semiconductor, with carrier mobility of 8.3 cm2/V-s, and carrier concentration of 1 × 1021 cm-3. The direct bandgap was determined to be 4.0 eV from the transmittance spectrum.

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