Skip to main content Accessibility help

One- and Two-Dimensional Carbon Clusters: Isomers, Structures and Isomer Abundances.

  • Gert von Helden (a1), Ming-Teh Hsu (a1), Paul R. Kemper (a1) and Michael T. Bowers (a1)


The new technique of ion structural chromatography is applied to carbon clusters. The results indicate that C5+ and C6+ are purely linear but C7+, C8+, C9+ and C1O+ have both linear and monocyclic ring structures. From C11+ to C20+ only monocyclic ring structures are observed. At C21+, a new family of planar ring structures appears. The first 3 dimensional structure occurs at C29+ and the first fullerene at C30+. Isomer structure is verified by the comparison of experimental mobilities with those derived from theory for the various structures. For C20+ only the monocyclic ring is observed experimentally but electronic structure calculations suggest more compact structures might be lower in energy. The results are discussed in terms of possible growth mechanisms for C60.



Hide All
(1) Kraetschmer, W., Fostropolos, K., Huffman, D.R., Chem. Phys. Lett. 170, 167 (1990); G. Meijer, D.S. Bethune, Chem. Phys. Lett., 175, 1 (1990); R.E. Haufler, J. Conceicao, L.P.F. Chibante, Y. Chai, N.E. Byrne, S. Flanagan, M.M. Haley, S.C. O'Brien, C. Pan, Z. Xiao, W.E. Billups, M.A. Ciufolini, R.H. Hauge, J.L. Margrave, L.J.Wilson, R.F. Curl, R.E. Smalley, J. Phys. Chem., 94, 8634 (1990); F. Diederich, R. Ettl, Y. Rubin, R.L. Whetten, R. Beck, M. Alvarez, S. Anz, D. Sensharma, F. Wudl, K.C. Khemani and A. Koch, Science, 252, 548 (1991); R. Taylor, J.P. Hare, A.K. Abdulsada and H.W. Kroto, J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm., N20, 1423 (1990).
(2) See, for example, Cox, M.D., Reichmann, K.C., Kaldor, A.J., J. Chem. Phys., 88, 1588 (1988); P.P. Radi, T. Bunn, P.R. Kemper, M. Molchan and M.T. Bowers, J. Chem. Phys., 88, 2809 (1988).
(3) Yang, S.H., Pettiette, C.L., Conceicao, J., Cheshnovsky, O., Smalley, R.E., Chem. Phys. Lett., 139, 3862 (1987).
(4) McElvany, S.W., Creasy, W.R. and O'Keefe, A., J. Chem. Phys., 85, 632 (1986); S.W. McElvany, B.I. Dunlap and A. O'Keefe, J. Chem. Phys., 86, 715 (1987); S.W. McElvany, J. Chem. Phys., 89, 2063 (1988); S.W. McElevany, Int. J. of Mass Spectrom. and Ion Proc., 102, 81 (1990); P.A. Hintz, M.B. Sowa, S.L. Anderson, Chem. Phys. Lett., 177, 146 (1991).
(5) (a)Hoffman, R., Tetrahedron, 22, 621 (1966); (b)Z. Slonina and R. Zahradnik, J. Phys. Chem., 81, 2252 (1977); (c)A.K. Ray, J. Phys. B.,20, 127 5233 (1987); (d)R.A. Whiteside, R. Krishman, D.J. Defrees, J.A. Pople and P. Von R. Schleyer, Chem. Phys. Lett., 78, 538 (1981); (e)D.H. Magers, R.J. Harrison, R.J. Bartlett, J. Chem. Phys., 84, 3284 (1986); (f)B.K. Rao, S.N. Khanna and P. Jena, Solid State Commun., 58, 53 (1986); (g)J. Bernholc and J.C. Phillips, J. Chem. Phys., 85, 3258 (1986); (h)K. Raghavachari, J.S. Binkley, J. Chem. Phys., 87, 2191 (1987); (i)V.Parasuk, J.Almloef, J. Chem. Phys., 91, 1137 (1989), (j)D. Bakowies, W. Thiel J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 3704 (1991), (k) V.Parasuk, J.Almloef, Chem. Phys. Lett., 184, 187 (1991), (1)M.Feyereisen, M.Gutowski, J.Simons and J.Almloef, J.Chem.Phys, 96, 2926 (1992), (m) C.J.Brabec, E.Anderson, B.N.Davidson, S.A.Kajihara, Q.M.Zhang, J.Bernholc, D.Tomanek, Phys. Rev. B Rapid Communications, accepted.
(6) Weltner, W., Zee, R. van, J. Chem. Rev. 89, 1713 (1989).
(7) Parent, D.C., McElevany, S.W., J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 632 (1989).
(8) Helden, G. von, Hsu, M.T., Kemper, P.R. and Bowers, M.T., J.Chem. Phys, 95, 3835(1991).
(9) Kemper, P.R., Bowers, M.T., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 112, 3231 (1990); J. Chem. Phys.95, 5134 (1991).
(10) Helden, G. von, Kemper, P.R., Bowers, M.T., (unpublished).
(11) Mason, E.A., McDaniel, E.W., Transport Properties of Ions in Gases, Wiley and Sons, New York, 1988.
(12) Stewart, J.J.P. J.Computer-Aided Molecular Design, 4, 1 (1990).
(13) Schmidt, M.W., Baldridge, K.K., Boatz, J.A., Jensen, J.H., Koseki, S., Gordon, M.S., Nguyen, K.A., Windus, T.L., Elbert, S.T., QCPE Bulletin, 10, 52 (1990).
(14) Palke, W.E., (unpublished)
(15) Gaussian 90, Revision J, Frisch, M. J., Head-Gordon, M., Trucks, G. W., Foresman, J. B., Schlegel, H. B., Raghavachari, K., Robb, M., Binkley, J. S., Gonzalez, C., Defrees, D. J., Fox, D. J., Whiteside, R. A., Seeger, R., Melius, C. F., Baker, J., Martin, R. L., Kahn, L. R., Stewart, J. J. P., Topiol, S., and Pople, J. A., Gaussian, Inc., Pittsburgh PA, 1990.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed