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Novel Nanoporous Carbon Derived from Coal Tar Pitch/polyethylene Glycol Diacid Blends as Electrodes for Ultracapacitors

  • Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan (a1), Keith Perez (a2) and Henry Foley (a3)

Abstract

Nanoporous carbon materials with high surface area (1500 – 2000 m2/g) and narrow pore size distribution ranging from 1 – 3 nm were synthesized using polyfurfuryl alcohol/polyethylene glycol diacid and coal tar pitch/polymer blends. Electrical double layer capacitance of synthesized carbon was measured using cyclic voltammetry. There is a strong correlation between the surface area of the carbon and the specific capacitance. Carbon that had surface area smaller than 1000 m2/g had specific capacitance less than 50 F/g while the carbons having surface area from 1000 – 1500 m2/g showed specific capacitances in the order of 200 -250 F/g. It was shown that the mesoporosity and macroporosity in the parent carbon are critical for both activation and as well as the specific capacitance of the material. The use of these carbons in EDLCs was also demonstrated by fabricating a two-electrode ultracapacitor.

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References

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1.Ultracapacitors: Why, how and where is the technologyBurke, A., J. Power Sources, 91 (2000) 3750.
2.Carbon properties and their role in supercapacitorsPandolfo, A.G. and Hollenkamp, A. F., J. Power Sources, 157 (2006) 1127.
3.Activated carbon produced from Sasol-Lurgi pitch and its application as electrodes in supercapacitorsAlonso, A., Ruiz, V., Blanco, C., Santamaria, R., Granda, M., Menendez, R. and Jager, S.G.E. de, Carbon 44 (2006) 441446.

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