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Nonlinear Optical Properties of Modified Carbocyanines

  • Nansheng Tang (a1), Weijie Su (a1), Thomas M. Cooper (a1), Daniel G. McLean (a2), Donna M. Brandelik (a2) and Richard L. Sutherland (a2)...


We studied the optical nonlinearities of modified 3,3′-diethylthiadicarbocyanine iodides (X-DTDCI) in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solutions (X = H, Cl, Br at meso position) by a pump-probe technique with crossed polarized chirped laser pulses at room temperature. Reverse-saturable-absorption (RSA) with monoexponential lifetimes is observed at 532 nm in all the samples studied. We determined the effective excited-state absorption cross-sections and their lifetimes for all the samples investigated and found that they clearly correlate to the substituent X at the meso position. Empowered by the chirped pulses, a much faster nonlinearity with a decay time of ˜3.1 ps that is much shorter than the laser pulses used, is unveiled in Cl-DTDCI. We expressed both the absorptive and the refractive part of this fast nonlinearity as the equivalent molecular hyperpolarizability γ1212 and found γ1212 = (8.1 + i9.8) × 10−32 erg −1.



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  • EISSN: 1946-4274
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