Bulk and surface recombination are the main material parameters that determine the performance of crystalline silicon solar cells. We present a new method for the nondestructive, simultaneous mapping of the diffusion length and the surface recombination velocity of a silicon wafer. The method uses the hardware of the electrolytical metal tracer (ELYMAT). The separation between bulk and surface recombination is achieved by illuminating the sample with laser beams of two different colors. By solving the diffusion equation for both laser penetration depths the diffusion length and the surface recombination velocity can be calculated from the measured diffusion currents. First experiments are presented which show the basic feasibility of the method.